美国论文代写价格:工业对环境的影响

美国论文代写价格:工业对环境的影响

任何一个国家的工业都是国家经济的支柱。在现代社会中,工业在一个国家的成长和发展中占有重要的地位。即使是被称为后工业社会的最现代的社会,也声称以信息技术为基础,由该国重工业产出的资本流动提供动力。

自最近几年以来,全球制造业正面临着急剧下滑。从1950年到1973年,是世界各地工业获得最佳收益和促进工业在经济中所占份额的时期。自20世纪70年代以来,世界上许多国家都观察到了这种剪切下降(联合国文件,2016)。本报告分析了世界重工业为取得彻底成功所面临的关键问题和挑战。为此,本文以世界上一些重要的重工业为例进行了研究。

渔业问题

钢铁制造业的问题

全球钢铁制造业面临的另一个问题是钢铁制造的透明度。在非常透明的行业,原材料和钢材的价格每天都会公布,以管理钢铁行业的防傻瓜系统。

环境压力是影响钢铁工业未来发展的另一个重大问题。随着人口增长和全球变暖,考虑环境的可持续性已成为不可避免的必要。

化工行业的问题

世界上几乎所有地区的化学工业都出现了严重的循环衰退。长期以来,化学工业以生产广泛的产品而闻名,这些产品用于不同的用途和不同的目的。因此,化学工业对世界经济的贡献很大。近二十年来,化学工业发生了重大转变。

定价是当前化工行业面临的一个关键问题,未来可能还会继续上升。在原料成本不断上涨的情况下,化工企业保持产品的价格是非常关键的。如果行业不符合客户的期望,这可能会影响客户关系(Clark, 1999)。

取得技术进步也是化学工业成功的一个关键问题。许多化学工业坚持以前使用的旧技术和方法,而继续前进并将最近的机械和方法结合起来以产生正的总产出是极为重要的。

世界生态系统,包括水生态系统和领土生态系统都在急剧下降。环境的急剧下降增加了化学工业管理废物的压力(Sheldon, 1994)。在污染的环境中获得天然纯净的原料对化工企业来说也是困难的。

美国论文代写价格:工业对环境的影响

Industries of any country play the role of backbone for the economy of the country. In modern societies, industries hold a vital position in the growth and development of a country. Even the most modern societies, which are known as post-industrial societies claim to be based on information technology, are powered by the capital flowing from the yield of heavy industries of the country.

Since last few years, manufacturing industries are confronting drastic decline over the globe. The period from 1950 to 1973 was the period of optimum yield from industries around the world and promotion of industries share in the economy. This shear decline has been observed since 1970s in many countries of the world (UN Document, 2016). This report analyses the key issues and challenges encountered by heavy industries of the world to achieve utter success. For this purpose, certain examples of important heavy industries of the world are studied.

Issues in Fishery Industry

Issues in Steel Manufacturing Industry

Another issue faced by steel manufacturing industries worldwide is the transparency in manufacturing of steel. In very transparent industries, prices of raw material and steel are published on daily basis to manage a fool proof system of steel industry.

Environmental pressure is another major yet most concerned issue to the future of steel making industry. With the growing population and global heat, it is becoming unavoidably necessary to consider sustainability of environment.

Issues in Chemical Industry

There is a severe cyclic downturn in the world’s chemical industries in almost all regions. Since long, chemical industries are known for production a wide range of products which are used in different utilities and various purposes. Thus chemical industries contribute largely in the economy of the world. Since last two decades, chemical industry has undergone a serious shift.

Pricing is the key issue presently faced by chemical industries today and likely to rise in future. It is very critical for a chemical industry to maintain prices of the product when cost of raw material is continually rising. This may affect customer relationship if the industry does not match the expectations of the customer (Clark, 1999).

Taking on technological advancements is also a key issue in chemical industry’s success. Many chemical industries stick to the old technologies and methodologies which were in use previously, while it is extremely important to move on and integrate recent machineries and methodologies to yield positive gross output.

The world’s ecosystem is declining drastically, both aquatic and territorial ecosystem. This drastic decline in the environment has increased the pressure on chemical industries to manage their wastes (Sheldon, 1994). Attaining naturally pure raw material in polluted environment is also difficult for chemical industries.

美国论文格式:SCI论文如何表述内容和格式

美国论文格式:SCI论文如何表述内容和格式 我们在写论文的时候,特别是SCI论文,需要注意很多细节,一不注意就会顾此失彼。在完成论文写作后,要详细的检查每一个细节,确保无误后再投稿。下面,美国论文通 Assignment Pass代写网小编就为大家把这些点一一列出来,供大家参考。

方法/步骤

一句话概况文章创新点(写下来),通读全文看是否突出了创新点。

题目:是否与内容一致(过大或过小?),能否更加简洁明了。

abstract:按背景-方法-结果-结论排列,有无漏掉重要结论?

表述意思是否和文章一致?

keyword:5-6个

Introduction:通读检查思路是否清楚,是否和大框架契合?由大背景具体研究内容,过渡是否平稳(有没有出现没有铺垫忽然冒出的概念/名词等)?层次是否清晰(有无前后重复谈一个问题)?对文献描述是否客观和完整(不在客观表述文献的行文中夹杂个人的评论)?结构是否紧密,删除和主题无关或很间接的文字。

material and method:使用的主要药品是否已全部列出?所用到的所有方法是否均已详细说明?统计学分析有无包括?表述浓度添加、制备过程、分析过程是否清楚(尤其是非传统的方法,应仔细说明)?仪器参数,型号是否全部列出?

results:再次检查Figure 和table 数据之间是否可以相互印证(或是相互矛盾)?如何解释数据的异常现象(如果确信试验未错的话。

discussion:是否与introduction 呼应但不重复?不与result 重复。讨论够不够深入(有延伸和推论,需要合理性,但可加入一些自己的看法,要注意采用讨论的语气,不显得武断)。层次是否清楚(有无前后重复谈论一个问题)?

conclusion:是否客观全面表达了文章的结论,加入一些展望但要合理,不要太大跨度。

acknowledgement:基金号,仪器帮助等

reference:从头检查一遍文献引用,是否将正确的文献放在了正确的位置

语法:经常出错的语法:主动被动语态误用;名词作形容词误用(避免类似three-dimensional cultured primary rat hepatocytes 这样的长词组,用of拆开);which 从句紧跟要说明的词;句子里避免多个动词并列(the drugelicited…., produced….., increased…. and decreased….。

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博士论文代写:学习环境的差异

博士论文代写:学习环境的差异

学习中存在着许多文化差异,以不同国籍的学生为例,Ku & Lohr(2003)认为他们对学习环境的反应可能是不同的。研究人员认为,中国学生在教学结构、解决问题的方式以及大学中师生互动的定义等方面可能存在文化、个人和语言水平的差异。从台湾学生的角度来看,类似的文化解读也是可能的。特别是学生在理解课程、记笔记、回答问题、写作等方面存在问题(Ku & Lohr, 2003 p.98)。在这些差异的背景下,了解学生在英国教育环境中所接触到的社会交往中使用英语的形式与在本国为提高雅思口语水平而进行的继续教育中使用英语的形式有何不同,将是一件有趣的事情。要分析的关键问题是,这种差异是会带来好处,还是会给想要提高的学生带来更多问题。现在有两个方面需要考虑,首先是学生在母语为英语的环境中帮助提高英语水平的机会,其次是学生在本国提高英语水平的机会。目前还没有一项适当的研究强调这种差别;然而,有个别研究强调了这两个方面的答案。考虑到第一个方面,Andrade(2006)的research study of Andrade(2006)试图了解想在英语为母语的大学学习的学生的适应因素。当国际学生想要在一个讲英语的国家学习时,他们确实面临着一定的挑战,研究指出,一些学生可能需要他们的大学提供额外的支持服务(Andrade, 2006)。有些人在社交方面存在适应问题,这是由于文化差异导致的语言使用问题。一些人甚至在学习上受到了影响,因为他们的英语熟练程度受到了当地人口音、流利程度和其他因素的挑战。只有成功的支持和干预,学生才能更好地发展(Andrade, 2006)。现在虽然有障碍的台湾学生研究似乎表明,这将是更好的为学生提高他们的能力从家里首先,它是非常在研究和政府报告,台湾学生更多的挑战在提高他们的能力在家里上下文(安德拉德,2006)。

博士论文代写:学习环境的差异

There are many cultural differences in learning, and in the case of students from different nationalities, Ku & Lohr (2003) argue that the way they respond to the learning environment could be different. Researchers argue that Chinese students may suffer cultural, individual and language level differences in the way their teaching is structured, the way problem solving is done or in the way student-teacher interaction is defined in the university. A similar cultural interpretation is also possible from the Taiwanese students’ perspective. In particular, students are found to have problems in understanding lectures, in taking notes, answering questions, writing and more (Ku & Lohr, 2003 p.98). In the context of these differences, it would be interesting to understand how different the forms of English usages are in the social interactions that the student is exposed to in the UK educational setting compared to those in continuing education towards improving IELTS speaking proficiency in their own country. The key question to analyse is whether the difference will result in benefits or whether it will cause more issues for the student who wants to improve. Now there are two aspects to consider, primarily the opportunities that exist for the students to help improve their English in a native English speaking environment, versus those that exist while improving their proficiency in their own country. A proper research study highlighting such a difference is not currently available; however, there are individual research studies highlighting answers for both these aspects. Considering the first aspect, in 2006, the research study of Andrade (2006) attempts to understand the adjustment factors for students who want to study in an English speaking university. International students do face a certain amount of challenges when they want to study in an English speaking country and the study notes that some students might need additional support services from their university (Andrade, 2006). Some have adjustment issues in terms of socializing, based on cultural differences leading to issues of language use. Some suffer even in terms of academic adjustment as their proficiency in English is challenged by the local native speaker’s accent, fluency and other factors. Only with successful support and interventions will students be able develop better (Andrade, 2006). Now while there are studies on the barriers for the Taiwanese students which might seem to indicate that it would be better for the students to improve their proficiency from home first, it is critically presented in research and government reports that, the Taiwanese students are even more challenged in improving their proficiency in their home context (Andrade, 2006).

碩士論文代寫:協調供應鏈

碩士論文代寫:協調供應鏈

有時可能會發生公司爲了供應鏈的合作而走到一起,但是高層管理人員對這種合作並沒有表現出多大的熱情。因此,整個動機被沖淡了,同時從高層管理人員傳遞到中層管理人員。因此,資源沒有得到最佳使用,結果是協作失敗。高級管理人員可能參與各種其他重要的工作,處理協作可能被分配給中級或低級管理人員。中層和前端管理沒有看到一個更大的圖景,因此無法想象協作在未來可能產生的好處。

爲了使合作有效,公司應該在組織文化和結構中處理他們之間的差異和疑慮,並根據組織目標調整目標。然而,兩家公司之間的歷史可能會讓管理層不願分享重要信息。這些信息對於協作的工作可能是至關重要的。公司不共享信息開始在各自的豎井中工作,導致協作失敗。

這種合作有很多好處。其好處包括降低庫存水平、降低運輸和倉儲成本、縮短交貨時間。客戶的需求將是明確的,快速的決策和類似的好處。這些好處超過了公司爲協作工作所付出的努力。庫存和倉儲成本大幅下降。唯一的陷阱是合作應該順利進行,從而獲得好處。在這中間,如果出現分歧,就會對兩家公司的工作產生負面影響,所有的好處都將付諸東流,因爲合作不會成功。

協調供應鏈作爲一個整體的步驟

公司應在以下有優勢的範疇合作:

公司有時合作是爲了填補空白,以加強薄弱環節。然而,這不是正確的方法。基於優點而不是缺點的合作通常是成功的。在這種情況下,兩家合作公司都有很多需要學習的地方。公司可能無法控制協作,但是如果協作是建立在優勢之上的,那麼優勢區域將自動爲公司提供對協作的控制。利用這種優勢將促使公司瞭解由於協作而獲得的能力,以及協作將爲兩家公司帶來哪些價值的增加。

碩士論文代寫:協調供應鏈

Sometimes it might happen that companies come together for supply chain collaboration but the senior management does not show much enthusiasm towards this collaboration. Hence the whole motive is diluted while passing it down from the senior management to the middle management. Thus, the resources are not used optimally and result is collaboration failure. The senior management might be involved in various other important works and the handling collaboration might have been assigned to the middle or the lower management. The middle and the front management do not see a bigger picture, and then are not able to envisage the benefits which the collaboration might produce in future.

In order to make the collaborations work, the companies should navigate their differences and apprehensions in the organisational culture and structure and try to align the objectives as per the organisational goals. However, it might happen that the history between the two organisations might make the management reluctant to share vital information. The information might be critical for the collaboration to work. The companies’ not sharing information start working in their separate silos which results in failure of the collaboration.

The collaboration has many benefits. The benefits include lower out of stock levels, lowering of transportation and warehousing cost, lead time would be shorter. Customer demand would be clear, quick decision making and similar benefits. The benefits surpass the efforts which the company needs to put in for the collaboration to work. The cost of inventory and warehousing comes down drastically. The only pitfall being that the collaboration should work out so as to reap the benefits. In the middle, if the differences arise, then it will affect the working of the two firms negatively and all the benefits would go in vain as the collaboration would not work out.

Steps to coordinate supply chain as a whole entity

Companies should collaborate in areas with strength:

Companies sometimes collaborate in order to fill up the gaps in order to strengthen the areas of weakness. This is however not the right approach. Collaborations based on strengths rather than on weaknesses are often successful. And in such cases, both the collaborating firms have a lot to learn. The company might not have control on the collaboration, but if the collaboration is built on the strength, then the area of strength would automatically give the firm control over the collaboration. Leveraging on the strength would give the firms impetus to understand the capabilities earned due to the collaboration and what value additions will the collaboration bring on the table for both the firms.

碩士論文代寫:功能主義理論

碩士論文代寫:功能主義理論

功能主義理論是迪爾凱姆提出的。他是功能主義理論的創始人。這一理論關注的是社會的需求以及教育如何幫助實現這些需求。根據功能主義理論,教育是將知識、技能和道德價值傳遞給下一代的過程。人們的道德價值觀念和社會動員使社會得以發展,使人們更加接近並一致地工作,而不受階級和信仰的歧視,以實現他們的目標。

功能主義理論強調教育的目的是支持核心價值和社會控制的轉移。在美國,以教育爲核心的社會價值觀是那些加強政治和經濟體系的價值觀。這兩個體系最初推動了教育體系的發展。因此,它在教育和政治經濟環境之間形成了一種相互呼應的體系。此外,功能主義理論注重培養學生的溝通、競爭和個性。因此,根據功能理論,高等教育系統中的所有個體都在努力維持平衡。

功能主義理論中的分層源於共同的價值觀。它建議,社會中的個人必須基於共同的價值觀進行評價,然後將其置於不同的等級。這種做法是必要的,以確保最合格和最熟練的個人在社會上擁有最好的職位。由於基於共同價值觀的分層,所有的個體都按照自己的資格發揮作用。功能主義理論表明,在分層的基礎上,人們可以通過努力工作和獲取知識來提升自己的社會地位。

衝突理論

衝突理論源於馬克思的思想。馬克思認爲,由於階級衝突,社會不斷地進行着社會動員,使社會成爲一個動態的社會結構。根據衝突理論,社會沉溺於對經濟穩定、金錢、地位和休閒等資源的競爭;而功能主義理論的競爭是建立在價值和知識技能的獲得的基礎上的。作爲功能理論,衝突理論主張對個體進行分類。然而,區別在於排序的概念。功能主義理論認爲,學生的分類是基於他們的優點和技能。而衝突理論認爲,教育機構的分類僅僅是基於種族和經濟的界限(Atkinson, 2014)。這種實踐在衝突理論中被稱爲隱性課程。

功能理論所解釋的分層系統被衝突理論所排斥。衝突理論表明,分層體系允許富人佔據高層職位,同時讓窮人變得遲鈍。窮人沒有得到足夠的機會去競爭,並在社會上取得自己的地位。衝突理論認爲,分層體系並沒有爲個人提供公平的分配,而是一個固定的博弈,在這個博弈中,富人還是富人,窮人還是窮人(Rubin, 2014)。衝突理論是建立在這樣一種觀念之上的:教育體系對工人階級起作用,使他們意識到他們將永遠留在下層社會。

碩士論文代寫:功能主義理論

The functionalist theory was proposed by Durkheim. He was the founder of the functionalist theory. This theory focuses on the needs of society and the ways in which education helps in fulfilling them. According to functionalist theory, education serves as the process of transferring knowledge, skills and moral values to the upcoming generation. The moral values and social mobilization of people enable the development of a society where people come closer and work homogenously without discrimination of class and creed to attain their goals.

The functionalist theory focuses on the purpose of education to support core values and transfer of social control. In US, the social values focused in education are those which strengthen political and economic system. These two systems originally fueled the system of education. Hence, it develops an echoed system between education and politico-economic environment. The functionalist theory, moreover, focuses on developing communication, competition and individualism of the students. Thus, according to functional theory, all individuals in the higher education system are struggling to maintain equilibrium.

Stratification in functionalist theory is derived from common values. It suggest that individuals in the society must be evaluated based on common values, and then placed on different ranks. This practice is necessary to assure that the most qualified and skilled individuals hold best positions in the society. As a result of stratification based on common values, all individuals perform roles in accordance with their qualification. Functionalist theory shows that on the basis of stratification, people can uplift their social status if the work harder and acquire knowledge.

The Conflict Theory

Conflict theory is derived from the ideas of Karl Marx. Marx suggests that the society is continually undergoing social mobilization due to class conflict, which makes the society a dynamic setup. According to conflict theory, the society is indulged in competition over resources such as economic stability, money, status and leisure; while the competition in functionalist theory was based on merit and attainment of knowledge and skills. As functional theory, conflict theory believes in sorting of individuals. However, the difference lies within the concept of sorting. Functionalist theory suggests that sorting of students is based on merit and skills. While conflict theory suggests that the sorting practiced in educational institutions is based merely aligned with ethnic and economic lines (Atkinson, 2014). This practice is termed as hidden curriculum in the conflict theory.

The stratification system explained by functional theory is rejected by conflict theory. Conflict theory shows that the stratification system allows placement of rich at the top positions while dulling the poor. Poor do not get sufficient chance to compete and make their position in the society. Conflict theory suggests that the stratification system instead of offering fair placement of individuals, it is a fixed game in which rich remains rich and poor remains poor (Rubin, 2014). Conflict theory is based upon the idea that the education system hidey works on the worker class to make them realize what they will always remain in the lower class.