就研究而言，有好坏参半的证据。一些研究人员已经表明，传统的欺凌比网络欺凌具有更大的直接负面影响(Ortega et al. 2009)。相反，Hay, Meldrum和Mana(2010)认为，与传统的欺凌相比，网络伤害会导致更大的自我导向伤害，如自我伤害行为和自杀想法。史密斯在2012年报告称，某些类型的网络欺凌比传统的欺凌更有害。在照片和视频剪辑被用来欺负人的类别中，其后果对受害者更为不利。然而，当人们通过短信受到欺凌时，其负面影响与传统欺凌中所经历的一样强烈。另一方面，通过电子邮件进行的欺凌比传统形式的欺凌造成的不良后果要少。综上所述，可以说，对于哪种形式的欺凌更具伤害性，研究还没有得出一个实质性的结论。
As far as research is concerned, there is mixed evidence. Some researchers have shown traditional bullying that is direct to have a greater negative impact than cyberbullying (Ortega et al. 2009). On the contrary, Hay, Meldrum and Mana (2010) believed that cyber victimization leads to greater self-directed harm such as self-hurting behaviors and suicidal thinking as compared to traditional bullying. Smith reported in 2012 that certain categories of cyberbullying are more harmful than the traditional bullying. In the categories, where photos and video clips are used to bully a person, the consequences are more adverse for the victims. However, when people are bullied through text messages than the negative consequences are just as intense as the ones experienced in traditional bullying. Bullying through emails, on the other hand, has less adverse consequences than traditional forms of bullying. Considering all of the researches quoted above, it can be said that researches have not been able to reach a substantial conclusion regarding which form of bullying is more injurious.
There is also a proportion of cyberbullied individuals who do not feel not bothered by the incidents of bullying. Such a proportion is usually low in victims of traditional bullying. In cyberbullying, since the exposure is not direct, the feeling of abuse may not be felt by the victims. In traditional bullying, the victim is exposed to direct abuse, which is too hard to ignore. Such exposure is bound to have some negative impact. In traditional bullying, abusive phrases are uttered. In addition, it also involves physical attacks or assault. In traditional bullying, a wide variety of senses are involved and stimulated; hence, it becomes difficult to ignore such an exposure so it is bound to have an impact. Coming back to cyberbullying, nature of cyberbullying has an impact on the level of distress experienced. Bullying experienced through cell phones tend to have more negative impact than bullying experienced on the internet, as people carry cell phones around everywhere. Therefore, when they are bullied through their mobile phones; they might feel that there is no escape from it. However, it is expected that this difference may diminish with time as cell phones are now coming laced with internet. Now social networking sites and emails can be accessed through mobiles, and a very sophisticated notification system is present. Due to this, bullies can reach to their victims almost instantaneously. However, with traditional bullying, you cannot block the bully as it is the option with bullying that use technology as a medium.
Keeping in mind the arguments given above, it cannot be asserted that one form of bullying has greater negative consequences then the other one. The extent of impact is governed by the interplay of a number of factors such as the platform employed to bully, the length of exposure to the bullying, the intensity and frequency of bullying, amount of senses involved and the protective shields at hand. The most lethal elements of cyberbullying are the anonymity and absence of a safe haven while for traditional bullying; it is the direct exposure to abuse. Traditional bullying is right into the face of the victim.
To conclude, it cannot be stressed enough that regardless of what form of bully is more harmful; being bullied is harmful and disastrous implications for the mental health of the victims. Bullying feels bad, and it needs to curbed and taken seriously.