代寫essay:城市形象

代寫essay:城市形象

凱文•林奇(Kevin Lynch)在1960年發表的論文《城市形象》(Image of the City)中談到了城市的易讀性。他的意思是,城市的所有景觀、道路、森林區域、社區,以及隨着自然而來的發展的整體擴展,以及城市內部的發展,都描述了一種特定的模式,通過這種模式,城市的市民可以看到他們的城市(Lynch, 1960)。他進一步擴展了這一主題,強調了市民與他們居住的城市之間的情感聯繫,以及城市景觀和周圍環境如何產生社會影響。儘管在城市的某些部分的視覺形象中存在着迷失方向的現象,但是像太陽、沙子、空氣和開放空間這樣的自然資源對所有人來說都是平等的。

城市景觀的易讀性

林奇所說的城市景觀的易讀性或清晰性,是指城市中所有景觀、道路、已開發的結構和開放空間的組合體驗具有一個典型的模式,市民可以與之協商,這也使城市與衆不同。他把這個城市作爲一個整體,包括所有內部開發和未開發的土地和自然保護區,並認爲它有一個特定的設計,使城市可識別。對於城市景觀的可想象性,林奇的意思是,可見的物理環境有一種品質,它能喚起觀察者頭腦中非常強烈的視覺和心理形象,這是他從不同的顏色、大小、設計等的選擇中得到的。

代寫essay:城市形象

Lynch認爲一個城市的公民永遠是城市的一部分,並且貫穿於城市的始終。這種經歷讓他們形成了一個特定的城市形象,它的運作方式,它對待他們的方式,它發展的方式,和其他城市相比以一種熟悉和獨特的方式消失。

布里斯班週六新鮮市場

選擇布里斯班市是非常形象和清晰的,因爲它被系統化和制定成以一種特定的方式運作,在其中有公民,並讓這些公民推動它的增長,拋棄不必要的增長。布里斯班的城市道路、旅遊系統、人員的流動、外部基礎設施的支持等,都使布里斯班市以其獨特而鮮明的特色而爲人所知。這座城市的面貌清晰可見,自首次被發現以來,它已經經歷了一場前所未有的增長計劃。

代寫essay:城市形象

Kevin Lynch in his essay “Image of the City” published in 1960 talks about the legibility of the city. He means that all the city’s landscapes, roads, forest areas, communities, and the overall spread of development along with and inside nature describes a particular pattern through which the citizens of the city view their city (Lynch, 1960). He further expands the subject by emphasising on the emotional connection of the citizens with the city they live in, and how the city landscapes and surroundings have a social impact and influence. Even though there is disorientation in the visual image of some parts of a city, the natural resources like the sun, sand, air, and open spaces are available to all of them equally.

Legibility of a cityscape

By the legibility or clarity of a cityscape, Lynch means that the combined experience of all landscapes, pathways, developed structures, and open spaces in a city have a typical pattern with which the citizen negotiates and which also makes the city distinctive. He talks about the city as a whole with all its internally developed and undeveloped land and natural reserves, and considers it as having a specific design which makes the city identifiable. With the imageability of the cityscape, Lynch means that the visible physical environment has a quality which evokes a very strong visual and mental image in the minds of the observer, which he gets from the selection of different colour, size, design, etc.

代寫essay:城市形象

Lynch thinks that citizens of a city are always a part of the city, and also experience it throughout. This experience makes them develop a specific image of the city, in the way it operates, it treats them, it develops, and fades in a way which is familiar and quite distinctive compared to other cities.

Brisbane Saturday fresh market

The city of Brisbane chosen is very much image-able and legible, because it is systemised and formulated to be operated in a specific way, to have in them the citizens, and to have those citizens propel its growth and discard unnecessary growth. The city pathways, the travel system, the movement of people around, the support of external infrastructure, etc. all makes Brisbane city recognisable with its unique and distinctive features. The city is legible in the way it stands and has gone through an unprecedented growth plan since it was first found.