罗尔斯把他的社会正义概念称为“公平正义”。“这一理论的提出是为了确保社会上所有人都能得到公平的待遇。”这个理论由两个原则组成。社会正义的首要原则与政治制度有关。这一理论认为，每个人在社会中都有类似的自由和权利。这些不能被拿走(Freeman,2001)。个人公司可以有自己的观点，他们可以制定这些原则(Beauchamp,Bowie & Arnold,2004)。然而，罗尔斯也同意，某些极端主义观点需要为社区更大的利益而加以限制。基于这一范式，个人和公司可以有自己的个人观点，不能被阻碍或判断。人们需要根据他们的观点来形成自己的暗示和观点(Freeman,2001)。例如，想要最大化其生产的公司可以增加资源优化。然而，他们不能生产低质量的产品，几乎不符合法律要求。必须要考虑到所有的情况，第一原则必须基于伦理的基本理论和基于这种情况的主观推理。
Rawls described his notion of social justice as “Justice as Fairness.” The theory was proposed to ensure that there was fairness for all the people in the society. This theory consists of two principles. The first principle of social justice is concerned with the political institutions. This theory states that each person has similar liberties and rights in the society. These cannot be taken away (Freeman, 2001). The right so private individuals, individual corporation can have their own opinion and they can enact these principles (Beauchamp, Bowie & Arnold, 2004). However, Rawls agrees that certain extremist views needs to be curbed for the greater good of the communities. Based on this paradigm, individuals and companies can have their own personal views that must not be hampered or judged. The people need to form their own allusions and perspectives based on their viewpoint (Freeman, 2001). For examples, the companies that want to maximize their production can increase the resource optimization. Nevertheless, they cannot produce lower quality products that barely meet the legal requirement. There must be factoring of all the situations and the first principle must be applied based on the fundamental theories of ethics and subjective reasoning that is on the basis of the situation.