Martin Luther King and John Calvin are the two historians who were known for their theories. The theories which were put forward by both of them had many similarities. But there were certain difference between the two people.
The very first difference between the two of them was that Calvin was the disciple of Luther, which was considered as the greatest insight of reformation while Luther didn’t do the same. Secondly, Calvin had a belief that every time whenever there was the creation of a baby, God creates its soul from nothing. Thus, Calvin greatly focused and emphasized on the existence of the God in the world and also believed that the God is directly involved in the creation of humans. Thus with this he rejected the “traducianist theory” which was accepted by Luther. Another major difference between the two was their belief on “communicatio idiomatum”. While Luther was a strong believer of the same, Calvin was against this. He had completely rejected the strong communicatio. Calvin also criticized Luther when there was an involvement of the localization of the present of the Christ.
The teachings of Calvin were mainly inspired from Switzerland, England, Scotland and few colonies of North America while Luther’s teachings were mainly based on Greek’s philosophy. Luther was much more concentrated on his own spirituality and wanted to set an example for the world by changing himself. Calvin believed in the ideas of Bible while Luther’s didn’t (Zachman, 2005). Calvin brought forward the concept of universal priesthood. Luther on the other hand believed that one need not to have priest to talk to god and he can pray and repent himself. Thus, though Calvin and Luther had similar theories, they varied with a great regard with respect to one another.