在谈到人权时，必须提到联合国的作用。这是因为联合国在第二次世界大战之后曾试图把世界团结起来。在世界195个主权国家中，约193个国家是其成员国，并已同意其提出的包括《世界人权宣言》在内的所有宪章(Brems, 2001)。这些国家最初认为，由于不同的情况和信仰，人权可以是在领土上或文化上受到限制的。纳入它的文化只能为它的成员提供它(Gunderson, Henkin & Said, 1980)。属于不同国家的世界领导人和杰出思想家认为，这样一项《宪章》对于实现统一是非常有必要的。它是为了确保这些人权作为一个普遍概念得到接受，而不受文化或国家的限制。
Human rights are basic rights that have been referred to in most of the constitutions of the world. It is seen all over the world and each country that human rights are addressed and incorporated with significance. Therefore, it needs to be discussed, whether the concept of human rights is limited to these specific countries and cultures that incorporates them, or whether this concept is universal in nature. Keeping in mind the concepts of cultural relativism, cultural imperialism and neo-colonialism, the concept of human rights have been discussed further. The question which one is trying to find an answer to, remains, whether human rights are a universal concept or is something which is culturally relative? Believing in universality of the same, it needs to be understood that certain rights which have to be given to all the human beings, irrespective of any other factor is something that cannot be relative, whether to culture or to a territory, thus human rights is and will be a universal concept.
In order to argue on the point whether human rights are a universal concept or not, one needs to first understand what is meant by the term human rights (Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 2007). As per the United Nations, to which 193 sovereign states are members, and have signed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It has given a ‘universal’ status already and is something which every human being is entitled to by virtue of being a human being. Thus, the rights which every human would get, for example the right to live, the right to save one’s life, and all basic and fundamental rights are known as human rights (Darraj, 2010).
When talking about the human rights, the role of the United Nations has to be mentioned. This is because the United Nations, after the Second World War has tried to bring the world together. Out of 195 sovereign countries in the world, about 193 countries are its members and have agreed to the all the charters proposed by it which includes the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Brems, 2001). The countries initially thought that human rights could be something that could be territorially or culturally restricted owing to the different circumstances and beliefs. The cultures that would incorporate it can only provide for it to its members (Gunderson, Henkin & Said, 1980). The leaders and the eminent thinkers of the world belonging to different countries thought that such a charter was more than necessary to bring in uniformity. It was to make sure that those human rights as a whole is accepted as a universal concept, and is not restricted within cultures or countries.