“The objectives of every organization, whether manufacturing or service rendering organizations, require a fundamental pulling of human, material and financial resources to accomplish the desired organizational output” (Samson & Timothy, 2014, p.80). Training and human resource development workshops systematically cultivated within an organization will help in achieving this organizational output. Training is usually defined as a short term process that will employ an organized systematic and a tested procedure in order to help non-managerial staff lean required technical skills (Yalokwu, 2006). This short term development process is often argued to have been effected only to suit a definitive result. Yalokwu (2006) considers management development to be closely linked with these training and development programs and states that training programmes are similar to a managerial intervention into the work process of non-managerial staff in order to help them perform their work better. Given this significance of training and development, this literature review attempts to analyze the effect of training and development on the retail industry employees. The impact on job proficiency, job satisfaction and employee retention is analyzed for the Chinese retail industry. A general introduction to the retail industry and some of the more current trends in the industry with respect to China and other prominent markets are discussed. The hypothesis for analyzing impact is hence formulated based on literature review.