自闭症是一种发育障碍,影响学习和妨碍了社会互动和交流。患有自闭症的人有增加的能力和更强烈的感官输入焦点不同。Nilli Lavie教授在伦敦大学学院认知神经科学研究所的变态心理学杂志》上说,自闭症患者有较高的知觉能力,因此他们处理更多的信息从一个场景(李维,2012)。该信息可能包含无关的细节就像一个特定的声音或闪光,他们无法忽视。研究讨论了艺术家斯蒂芬·威尔特郡绘制场景非常详细的场景在看到他们只有几秒钟和金姆Peek -原雨人。
Autism is a developmental disorder that affects learning and hampers social interaction and communication. People suffering from autism have increased ability to focus differently and more intensely on some sensory inputs. Professor Nilli Lavie, from the Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience at UCL in the Journal of Abnormal Psychology says that autistic people have higher perceptual capacity and they therefore process more information from a scene (Lavie, 2012). This information may contain irrelevant details like a particular sound or flashing lights, which they are unable to ignore. The research discusses artist Stephen Wiltshire who draws scenes incredibly detailed scenes after seeing them only for a few seconds and Kim Peek- the original Rain Man.
The sensory input of details overwhelms them and their systems, which then go out of control. In the given video, the autistic non-verbal girl Carly explains by typing what it really feels like to be trapped in a body and mind that are not in-sync. She understands her behaviour is sometimes socially unacceptable. She understands right and wrong she says, but she has to fight her brain constantly to get the right expressions out and she often fails. She suffers from autistic oral-motor apraxia and cognitive delay.
Carly is smart and very good writer who is able to string her thoughts well with a great deal of help from her therapists on her good days. She is not dumb or retarded but her words typed with effort on screen tell us how she is in little control of body and mind. Overly stimulated, her body reacts by thrashing and she pounds her head on the floor.
Therapists often get frustrated because it is not easy for a nonverbal individual with autism to learn augmentative communicating device. Autistics have fragmented perception and chaotic sensory experiences. Game developers have created simulations by using Carly’s words to help primary care givers (Jordan, 2010). In her own way, Carly has helped the medical fraternity immensely in understanding autism better (Koslowska 2014).