NSTEMI occurs when there is partial occlusion of the coronary artery. In other causes, it causes complete occlusion of the minor coronory artery that has been affected by the atherosclerosis condition. Atherosclerosis is a condition where the cholesterol is deposited in the walls of the artery. The patient has been diagnosed with high levels of cholesterol and he is suffering from obesity. One of the most common mechanisms for the NSTEMI is the rupture or the erosion of the atherosclerosis plaque that causes the aggregation of the platelets. This leads to the formation of the thrombus or the blood clot of the coronary artery. These arterial thrombus is found to interrupt the flow of the blood to the important heart muscle (Redfern, 2014). This causes profound changes in the heart muscle and causes irrevocable changes to the body. These partial thickness causes the damage to the heart muscle. The complication of the NSTEMI causes a range of complications. The complication depends on the amount of damage that has been caused by the heart muscle.
Immediate complications cause heart arrhythmia. This is the disturbance of the electrical rhythm to the heart muscle. The NSTEMI causes the electrical signal disruption and causes the arrhythmia condition. Here the heart may become very fast slow or even irregular. Ventricular fibrillation, Atrial fibrillation, Sinus bradycardia, Accelerated idioventricular rhythm are some of the conditions of the heart arrhythmia. The heart muscle failed to pump blood to the different organs. Cardiogenic shock where the heart stops pumping blood. Mitral regurgitation is another complication that arises from the damage of the papillary muscle. The long term complications that need to be monitored are the following.
Dressler syndrome has been characterized by the pericarditis, fever conditions. It is caused as an autoimmune reaction to the damage or the heart muscle. Other than this, there is always the condition of chronic heart failure that needs to be considered. The heart muscle should pump enough blood to continue the bodily operations. The NSTEMI causes to impact this function, owing to the cholesterol impact. In this case, the patient has been diagnosed with sinus bradychardia as an immediate impact to the NSTEMI. The resting heart rate falls below 60 beats per minute. The action potential is responsible for the rhythm that arises from the sinus node. This in turn causes the P wave on the surface of the ECG. The heart beat for the patient was found to be 50 beats per minute. This indicates that the patient needs to address the condition of sinus bradychardia as an immediate consequence.