“A society is a set of individuals. Its structure is determined by the groups of individuals who are regularly connected by sign processes. These groups are what we usually call “institutions” (Posner, 2003, p. 382).
From the statement above, it can be understood that the society and its material culture is determined by the institutions that have been created by the individuals.
Material culture is the physical evidence that is used to understand about a particular culture. They are an interdisciplinary field that is used to understand the interactions between people and things. From this analysis the anthropological and the social interactions can be deciphered. Material culture is depicted in the form of any tangible objects (Goldhill, 2011). The material culture and the cultural practices of certain sections of the society is a reflection as to how the people from the different cultures deal with the issues.
The loss of loved ones and society reaction towards death when such situation occurs reflects on material culture of each society (Day, 2011). One of the central issues that the people across the culture have to deal with is the loss of the loved ones (Bourdieu, 2000). The families try to emulate and believe that the people continue to exits even after their death. The role of how the people deal in their specific cultures is different nevertheless central notion of hoping the loved ones live continues to exist.
One of the most important symbolizations and theories behind death has been put forward by Freud. It is imperative to understand the ideology by Freud to understand the implications of death.
Freud on Death Drive
Freud states that all people have instincts also known as Triebe. This is an innate desire that is found embedded in all the people. This primal instinct is a form of stimulus and is arises from the source of stimulation that occurs in the body. It is found to operate at a high constant force and the subject cannot escape from the external stimulus (Freud, 2015). The instinct of the people is derived from the source. The source is found to be excitation in the body and there are efforts taken to remove that excitation.
According to Freud, life is about dealing with the internal conflict that seeks to maximize gratification while reducing guilt or punishments. Eros is considered as the instinct that is found to exist in each individual. The notion of eros is self-preservation. It is the primal requirements that are needed to preserve life. Thanatos is the opposite of this eros and it seeks to push a person towards inanimate stage (Freud, 2015). Freud states that the humans have an innate desire of self destruction and often want to move towards the extinction stage. In this Thanatos instinct the people seek out to reach the stage of inanimate stage. This Thanatos is the notion of self-destructive emotions. The people also have a desire of repeating old habits (Freud, 2015). This could be destructive or for self-preservation. One of the habits is fixation.