艾滋病毒和艾滋病(人类免疫缺陷病毒感染和获得性免疫缺陷综合征)于1981年首次诊断，并被疾病控制中心列为高度传染性疾病。在那个时候，疾病是非常新的，几乎没有什么信息可以得到。然而随着疾病的研究开始，它的性质和传播方式逐渐被了解。人类免疫缺陷病毒，获得性免疫缺陷综合征(HIV)通过无保护措施的性传播、血液传播、在妊娠、分娩或哺乳期间使用受感染的皮下注射针和母婴传播(Stolley & Glass,2009)。这种疾病发展成为一种社会耻辱的发现，并一直被污名化直到世纪之交。疾病的传播并没有被确定和理解，这促使公众避免了对他们的健康造成额外压力的HIV患者。今天，适当的护理、支持和管理艾滋病毒和艾滋病患者有助于减少压力，这是与破坏被感染者免疫有关的主要因素。只要免疫维持在更高的水平，人就可以过正常的生活。人们对艾滋病毒和艾滋病的认识正在全球范围内增长。如今，这种疾病并不像过去那样被认为是致命的，但这也导致公众忽视了与疾病相关的风险。
HIV &AIDS (Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome) was first diagnosed in 1981 and classified as a highly infectious disease by the CDC. At that time the disease was very new and little information was available regarding the same. However as research in the disease was started, gradually its nature and modes of spread began being understood. The human immunodeficiency virus, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV) is spread through unprotected sex, blood transmission, through the use of infected Hypodermic needles and from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding (Stolley & Glass, 2009). The disease developed into being a social stigma on its discovery and remains stigmatized till the turn of the millennium. Transmission of the disease was not determined and understood which triggered the public to avoiding HIV patients which placed additional pressure on their health. Today proper care, support and management of HIV and AIDS patients helps reduce stress, which is a major element linked to destroying the infected person immunity. As long as the immunity is maintained at a higher level, the person can live a normal life. Awareness regarding HIV and AIDS is now growing across the globe. Today the disease is not classified as lethal as it used to in the past but this also result in the public overlooking the risks associated to contracting the disease.