论文代写:科学与环境

论文代写:科学与环境

科学领域包括多种机构设置、方法和纪律行动,这些行动的目的是将潜在的催化剂转变为政治争端。这是一个简单的线性公式,它引导更多的科学走向更少的不确定性,然后走向内在矛盾的政治行动。有些人建议,社会必须在科学的应用和利用方面采用新的思维方法。此外,关于科学如何对人类和环境有效或潜在有用的新方法正在进行评估。各种新机构正在这个过程中进行调解,通过这个过程,科学可以将政治决策与政策决策结合起来。正在设计进一步的时间和地理尺度,以便充分利用科学的潜力。

所有这些讨论的潜在价值是理解问题的焦点,然后应用相关的科学知识来找到问题的解决方案。然而,可以看出,社会的复杂性可以与不同的政治决策过程相结合。如果确定了特定的问题,就会采取所有可能的方法巧妙地处理这种情况。因此,所有这些讨论的主要关注点是探究这样一个问题:为什么有些场景变得如此困难,以至于政治争议将它们转化为科学困境,而其他场景则没有。一些有争议的话题包括全球气候变化、转基因食品或核废料处理。所有这些争论都是通过科学辩论来解释的,但最终很明显,技术争论背后隐藏着根本的事实(Agency, 2002)。

综上所述,可以断言,不同的研究人员设计了将价值观融入环境研究的方法,并为预测未来社会和环境的演变制定了实验方案。这样的实验环境经历了一系列不同的条件。此外,科学家和决策者需要通过为未来的输家和赢家应用有效的模型,阐明真正的替代方案。当根据所提供的场景调整值并通过对科学论据的估计做出决策时,所有这些方法都将变得非常重要。事实并不是要把科学辩论从政治和环境问题中剥离出来,而是要迫使政治家们采取适当的行动来处理这种危急情况。一旦科学被忽视并做出决定;那么问责制就不依赖于科学或科学家,而是政治家自己的意愿和利益。因此,我们需要加强对政治家的问责,使他们应该采取适当的政治改革,以减少环境污染和危害。

论文代写:科学与环境

The field of science incorporates multiple institutional settings, methodological and disciplinary actions which are conducted to transform a potential catalyst into political dispute. This is a simple linear formulation which directs more science towards less uncertainty and then towards political action which are inherently inconsistent. Some individuals have suggested that society must adopt new methods of thinking regarding the application and utilization of science. Moreover new ways are being evaluated as to how science is valid or potentially useful for humanity and environment. Various new institutions are mediating in this process through which science can integrate political decision making along with policy making. Further temporal and geographical scales are being designed for utilizing science to its fullest potential.

The underlying value of all this discussion is understanding the focus of the problem and then applying relevant scientific knowledge for finding solutions to the identified problems. However it is observed that social complexity can be integrated with diverse political decision making process. If a particular problem is identified then all probable approaches are taken for handling this situation tactfully. Hence the main concern of all this discussion is to explore the question why some scenarios become so difficult that political controversies transform them into scientific dilemmas while others do not. Some of the controversial topics include global climatic change, genetically modified foods or nuclear waste disposal. All these controversies are explained through scientific debates but in the end it is apparent that the underlying facts get concealed behind technical arguments (Agency, 2002).

Concluding all this it can be asserted that various researchers have devised methods for integrating values into environmental research and have also developed experimental scenarios for predicting future evolution of society and environment. Such experimental environment undergoes different sets of varied conditions. Further it is required by the scientists and policy makers to articulate real alternatives by applying valid models for future losers and winners. All these approaches will become substantial when the values are adjusted according to the scenarios provided and decisions are taken through estimation of scientific arguments. The fact is not to stripe off the scientific debate from political and environmental concerns but to force politicians to take appropriate action for handling such critical situations. Once science is neglected and decisions are taken; then the accountability does not rely with the science or the scientists but it is the own intention and interests of the politicians. Hence we need to enforce accountability towards politicians so that they should take proper political reforms towards reducing environmental pollution and hazards.