Initially, there was the development of poems that were a critique of the administration. There was a growing disdain against the practices of the people and there was development of journals that tried to create a positive impact for certain controversial incidences. The official journal of the communist youth league was published causing many issues for the people. The second was the personal individual complains that were developed against the government for the political persecution and the miscarriages of justice. There was a general fear of the people about the hunger and the starvation of the people that was accounted in the journals. The people called for genuine democratic reforms in the socialist legal system and human rights. A number of underground journals were developed and publication of press journal accounts not warranted by the government were on the right. These journals served as an important medium for information or the people. The journals that were produced as a mark of protest in itself contained a number of information and publication that was not easy to edit. There journals were published without any formal approval of the processes (Bond).
The next method that was used by the people was the use of wall posters to spread their message. Hence the tools used were the actual protests, development of liberal ideologies, professing of the ideologies using journals, print medium and wall posters. These caused the peasant in the population to feel that they have been wronged. There was a sense of criticism and opposition that was observed in the people. There were a number of working class people who started to revolt against the government. This caused considerable havoc to the people. At the end of 1978, there were a number of peasants who left their homes to give them complains to the authorities. There were thousands of peasants who took to the streets to revolt against the ideologies and hence the people who had petitioned against the government had to face a number of issues. They had to face the brunt of political ostracizing from the mainstream political enterprise and these lead to them becoming victims. As is the case with most nations that undertake to streamline their democratic ideals making them more westernized in outlook, in China, there was also less support for the protestors. Nevertheless, the people continued to file charges against the authorities to ensure there is equality.