論文代寫推薦:空間規劃

論文代寫推薦:空間規劃

交付和塑造一個地方的過程被稱爲空間規劃。它涵蓋了公共部門用於影響不同尺度空間的人與活動分佈的各種方法。有效的空間和發展管理是在這個系統下進行的,目的是創造更好的地方,能夠有效地響應各種社會、經濟和環境的需要。通過有效地協調影響空間組織的做法和政策,可以更好地確定空間規劃制度。這些制度有助於公營和私營部門克服與森林管理規劃有關的挑戰。

這裏要討論的主題是“英國的空間規劃體系及其實踐與我們選擇的國家有何不同”。本文論述了英國空間規劃體系與中國空間規劃體系的區別。此外,本文還將討論以決策爲核心的倫敦和中國都市空間規劃案例,以及兩國決策結構的不同之處。

英國的空間規劃

英國規劃體系與中國規劃體系的主要特點

英國的空間規劃

從2010年5月開始,新一屆保守黨-自由民主黨聯合政府倡導地方主義。這反映出以前的規劃系統採用了自上而下和官僚主義的方法,其中也包括區域空間戰略。這種方法在住房供應方面沒有發揮有效的作用,爲了廢除廣域規劃,制定了一項政策,併爲形成一個更注重社區的規劃制度,於2011年11月頒佈了《地方主義法》。

2011年3月,中央政府發佈了《國家規劃政策框架》,爲英國的空間規劃原則奠定了基礎。NPFF的內容構成了鄰里規劃和地方規劃的基礎。這些計劃有助於鼓勵、建立一個有競爭力和強大的經濟,有助於確保城鎮中心的活力,農村經濟的繁榮必須得到支持。通過這些計劃,適當的交通也得到了促進,甚至高質量的通信基礎設施也得到了支持,這有助於提供各種高質量住宅的選擇(Klain, and Chan, 2012, p.110)。它還爲促進健康社區提供了框架,幫助保護綠化帶土地,這將有助於應對各種氣候變化挑戰,以及洪水和沿海地區的變化。這些計劃還有助於加強歷史和保護自然環境。它還強調可持續地利用礦物。

論文代寫推薦:空間規劃

A process of delivering and shaping a place is known as Spatial Planning. It covers the various methods used under public sector for influencing the people and activities distribution among spaces of various scales. Effective space and development management are conducted under this system with an aim of creating better places that can efficiently respond to the various societal, economical and environmental needs. The Spatial planning systems are better defined through the effective coordination of practices and policies with which the spatial organizations are affected. These systems help the public and private sectors in overcoming the challenges related to the forestry management planning.

Here the topic to be discussed is “How the spatial planning system and its practices in England differ from a country of our choice”. This essay is about the difference between the English Spatial planning system and the Spatial planning system of China. Further the case of Metropolitan Spatial planning in London and China with focus on decision making will be discussed and lastly the ways in which the decision making structures be different in the two countries.

Spatial planning in United Kingdom

The key features of the English planning system (England) in comparison with that of the China

Spatial planning in England

From May 2010, localism was advocated by the new Conservative-Liberal Democrats coalition government. This reflected that a top-down and bureaucratic approach was adopted by the former planning system that also included Regional Spatial Strategy. An effective role was not played by this approach in the housing provision and for abolishing wide-area plan a policy was set out and for forming a more community focused planning system, the Localism Act in November 2011 was enacted.

In March 2011 the National Planning Policy Framework was published by the central government that has laid the basis of the principles of spatial planning in England. The NPFF contents form the basis of establishment of Neighbourhood and Local plans. These plans help in encouraging, building a competitive and strong economy that helps in ensuring town centres vitality with which the prosperity of the rural economy must be supported. The suitable transportation is also promoted through these plans and even communication infrastructure of high quality is supported that helps in the delivery of the variety of choices of high quality homes (Klain, and Chan, 2012, p.110). It also provided framework for promotion of health communities that helps in the protection of Green belt land that will help in dealing with the various climatic change challenges and also the changes of flooding and coastal areas. The plans also work for enhancement of historic and conserving the natural environment. It emphasis was also on making sustainable use of minerals.