人们对待死者的方式因文化而异。本分析探讨了两种特定的培养方法。中国文化和维多利亚文化。这两种文化面对死亡都有一种有趣的表情。在维多利亚时代，社会上有许多流行病。维多利亚时代的人们有拍摄死者照片的文化(Nead, 2000)。在1600年的中国文化中，有些人是和死人结婚的。巴特所探讨的符号学和外延与这些文化的分析有关(Curtis, 2003)。摄影作为一种反映实践的工具，对这一点进行了探讨。在所有这些文化中，人们都有一个共同的期望，那就是所爱的人将以某种形式继续存在。他们在自己的死亡中找到了效仿和和平的方法。
The ways in which the people deal with the dead are found to be varied across the cultures. Two specific cultures have been probed in this analysis. Chinese culture and the Victorian culture. Both these cultures had interesting countenance to the event of death. During the Victorian era, there were a number of epidemic that pervaded the society. The Victorian people had the culture of taking pictures of the dead people (Nead, 2000). The Chinese culture of the 1600 had a culture where some people are married to the dead people. The semiotics, denotation that has been probed by Barthes has relevance to the analysis of these cultures (Curtis, 2003). This has been probed by the use of the photography as a tool to reflect the practices. There is a common expectation that the loved ones will continue to exist in one form or the other in all of these cultures. They find ways to emulate and find peace in their passing.
Even though there is a common objective, there is very little literature that deals with the systematic analysis of the photography of the dead (Vine, 2004). In the event of death, there is an innate greed and systemic social evils that are reflected. This can be captured with the use of still documentary photography. Primarily, it has been considered to be a morbid act. In this dissertation, there will be the understanding of the cultures and the role documentary photography plays in elucidating this issue.
Four factor analysis will be done in this dissertation. It is analysis of material culture and its semiotics. It also discusses how some people who belonged to the Victorian and Chinese people dealt with concept of death, role of photography in the determination of these factors.
From this analysis, the roots of the cultural semiotics and material culture can be analyzed.