论文代写:年轻人饮酒的危害

论文代写:年轻人饮酒的危害

上述所有研究都聚焦于像Naimi、Nelson和Brewer(2010)和Chikritzhs等人(2003)等年轻饮酒者,除了帕拉迪(2011),他们还将其扩展到加拿大的较老样本。帕拉迪丝(2011)对父母的特殊关系进行研究发现,为人父母与酗酒有很大关系。女性倾向于在酒吧或餐馆大吃大喝,而男性则更倾向于在酒吧或私人场合饮酒,更具体地说,是在朋友的地方,这些地方可以像典型酒吧的社会背景,并提供社交机会。Kypri等人(2007)和Kypri等人(2010)发现,在学生的情况下,像帕拉迪斯(2011)所指出的酒吧或夜总会中,bingis意义重大,而且在校外朋友的房子里,他们提供“不受干扰的享受”的机会,而不是大学的前提。然而,ket al.(2007)也得出结论,醉酒导致男性的醉酒主要发生在酒吧或迪斯科舞厅。另一方面,对于女性来说,醉酒发生在酒吧、俱乐部等,学生公寓和住宅区。

论文代写:年轻人饮酒的危害
Dietze等人(2014)将研究的范围扩大到包括所有在维多利亚的有风险的年轻成年饮酒者,澳大利亚的结论不同于ket al.(2010)或ket al.(2007)。这项研究报告称,大多数参与者在与亲密朋友的私人家庭中饮酒超过规定的上限。报告还指出,在选择喝酒的地点时,人们往往很挑剔,通常会坚持一到两个地方。种族主义等(2013)研究了三个不同国家的饮酒地点对饮酒的影响,发现饮酒场所对威尔士和澳大利亚的酒精消费产生了影响,但对德国农村没有任何影响。他们进一步证实,与威尔士的高危饮酒者相比,该地区的饮酒行为并不影响饮酒行为,但在澳大利亚,这对风险和高风险饮酒者都没有影响。

论文代写:年轻人饮酒的危害

All the above studies have focussed on young drinkers like pointed out in Naimi, Nelson and Brewer (2010) and Chikritzhs et al. (2003) except Paradis (2011) who extends it to include relatively older sample of Canada as well. Paradis (2011) which conducts the study in special relation to parenthood finds that parenthood is strongly related to heavy drinking. Women tend to binge more in bars or restaurants while men tend to drink more in bars or in private settings, more specifically, at friend’s places which can resemble the social setting of a typical bar and offers opportunities to socialise. Kypri et al. (2007) and Kypri et al. (2010) find that in case of students as well, binging is significant at bars or nightclubs as pointed out by Paradis (2011) and also in off-campus friends’ houses which offer the opportunity of “uninterrupted enjoyment” as opposed to college premises. However, Kapri et al. (2007) also concluded that intoxication due to binging in men occurred predominantly at pubs or discos. On the other hand, for women, intoxication occurred at bars, clubs etc., student flats and residential complexes.

论文代写:年轻人饮酒的危害
Dietze et al. (2014) which expands the purview of the study to include all risky young adult drinkers in Victoria, Australia concluded differently from Kapri et al. (2010) or Kapri et al. (2007). This study reported that most of the participants drank more than the prescribed limit at private homes with close friends. It also reported that the population tends to be very choosy while choosing the place to get drunk and generally stick to one or two places. Raciti et al. (2013) which undertakes the study to assess the influence of location on drinking in three different countries, find that place of drinking had an impact on alcohol consumption in Wales and Australia but had no impact in rural Germany whatsoever. They further establish that location did not impact the drinking behaviour of risky drinkers as opposed to high risk drinkers in Wales but in Australia it did not influence both risky and high risk drinkers at all.