微光催化剂及其催化应用是本研究的基础。本研究以微技术及其在化学分析中的应用为背景。由于微技术在许多学科中的应用，它的发展在近十年来一直是至关重要的。这种应用不仅出现在电子和工程领域;它们也被认为能提供对化学反应的理解。然而，这是一个相对ewer领域的探索(Song et al, 2004)。利用微技术和相关设备来了解化学反应被认为是近十年来观察到的一个参数，因为它对精细化工行业的重要性越来越大。文献综述是使用数据源的组合进行的。目前的研究数据是通过同行评审文章等方式收集的。本书的主题是微技术的一般和具体的微光反应堆使用。对微光反应器的形式和应用进行全面的综述是本文综述的基础。
在过去，间歇式光反应器被用于化学应用研究，在后来的发展趋势中，微光反应器也被称为微流态光反应器(Griesback et al .， 2012)。浸入反应也称为室式反应器，通常用于实验室应用程序批量测试的系统中。目前正在进行大量的这些试验。这种形式的测试有它的问题，因为测试必须使用产品的大部分。一方面，这种形式的测试被认为会导致大量的产品和能源浪费。由于产品以高容量的方式生产，这也浪费了时间，如果应用程序的测试揭示了某种形式的问题，就会导致问题。除了这些形式的缺点还指出,大部分的在这种情况下使用的试剂是单一来源水银灯的光谱属性通常可以观察到这样一个类别的反应只在一个非常狭窄的层(Griesback等,2012)。考虑下图，其中反应溶液已经在浸入式井反应器中给出。
Microphotoractors and their catalytic applications form the basis of this study. This is a study where micro technology and their applications in chemical analysis will be used as the background. The development of micro technology has been paramount in the current decade because of the applications it holds across many disciplines. Such applications are not only present in the context of electronics and engineering; they are also seen to offer understanding of chemical reactions. This is however a relatively ewer domain of exploration (Song et al, 2004). The use of micro technology and related devices as a way to understand chemical reactions is seen to be an observed parameter in the current decade because of its increasing significant to the fine chemicals industry. The literature review is conducted using combinations of data sources. Current research data is gathered by means of peer reviewed articles and more. Books on the topic of micro technology in general and specific to micro photo reactors are used. Conducting a comprehensive review of the form and applications of the micro-photo reactor is the basis of this literature review.
In the past the batch photo reactors were used in chemical application studies and in the later trend the micro-photo reactor also called as the Micro Flow Photo reactor came into existence (Griesback et al, 2012). Immersion reactions also called as the chamber reactors are usually used in the case of systems where the lab application testing is done in batches meaning. There is a high volume of these tests being carried out. This form of testing has its issues as the testing had to make use of much of the product. At one end, this form of testing was seen to lead to much product and energy waste. Time was also wasted as the product was produced in a high volume manner and this leads to issues if the test of the application was to reveal some form of an issue. In addition to these forms of disadvantages also note that most of the reagent that is used in this context was that of a single source mercury lamp where the spectroscopic properties are usually of such a category where the reactions can be observed only in a very narrow layer (Griesback et al, 2012). Consider the below diagram where a reaction solution has been presented in the immersion well reactor.