美国硕士毕业论文挂了怎么办

美国硕士毕业论文挂了怎么办

拟议的东能源管道项目属于NEB管辖范围,这是一个联邦监管机构。该机构对全省及省内的油气管道行使管辖权。在NEB管辖下建造、设计、运营、废弃或改造的管道必须符合NEC法案和国家能源委员会陆上管道管理法案(Erickson et al., 2014)。这里的一个强制性要求是坚持最新的CSA标准版的CSA Z662,包括石油和天然气管道系统纳入通过NEB OPR参考。此外,新建的管道长度超过40公斤米,需要对环境和社会经济状况进行评估。这是根据《国家环境评估法》和《2012年加拿大环境评估法》要求的。

国家环境局出版了一份档案手册,作为申请所需资料的指南。公司通常会在正式性质的应用之前先对项目进行描述(Hoberg, 2013)。项目的描述不是应用程序的形式,也不具有这样的绑定,而是提供了预期应用程序的初步数据。项目描述由TransCanada向NEB授权提交,描述中表示预计在2014年第三季度提交申请。形式性质的应用应概述工程设计、施工过程、管道安全和环境考虑(Morse, 2012)。然后,管理局评估《国家环境局法》的合规性申请、适用的标准和规章。当提议的项目获得批准时,国家环境局的权力将通过合规活动核查执行情况,例如合规会议、检查和紧急性质的活动、审计和调查,来监测运营和建设阶段的合规情况。

美国硕士毕业论文挂了怎么办

环境因素和预测的影响

环境因素包括对生物物理环境的影响和对社会经济前景的影响。EA的累积方面已经在本节中得到了确认(Anifowose et al., 2014)。每一节的基本解释都符合VECs指标、预测影响、预测工具、影响特征、影响性质、影响重要性和关键缓解,以及正在制定的监测战略。

生物物理效应

这些影响的发生是由于材料或废物等因素对当前景观的直接影响(Bakhtyar et al., 2013)。在能源管道的例子中,有多种影响,从空气质量到自然动植物的影响。

美国硕士毕业论文挂了怎么办

The proposed project for Energy East Pipeline falls within the NEB jurisdiction which is a federal agency of regulation. This agency exercises jurisdiction on oil and gas pipelines across the province and internally. Pipelines being constructed, designed, operated, abandoned or converted under the jurisdiction of NEB have to comply under the NEC Act and National Energy board onshore pipeline regulation act (Erickson et al., 2014). A mandatory requirement here is to adhere to the latest CSA standard edition of CSA Z662 including Oil and gas pipeline systems as being incorporated through NEB OPR reference. New construction of pipeline furthermore, greater than length of 40 kilo metre needs an assessment of environment and socio-economic condition. This is required under the act of NEB and needs assessments under the Act of Canadian Environmental assessment, 2012.

A filing manual is published by the NEB acting as a guide to the data needed within application. A company generally first files a description of project in advance to the application of formal nature (Hoberg, 2013). The description of the project is not in the form of application and does not bind as such instead it results in providing preliminary data on the application expected. The project description was filed by TransCanada with the authority of NEB and it was indicated within the description that it expects to subject the application within the 2014 year’s third quarter. The application of formal nature should outline the design of engineering, the construction process, the considerations for pipeline safety and environment (Morse, 2012). The authority then assesses the compliance application with the Act of NEB, its standards as applicable and its regulations. When proposed project approval is given, the authority of NEB then monitors compliance during the phase of operations and constructions through compliance activities verification performance such as meetings of compliance, inspections, and exercises of emergency nature, auditing and investigating.

美国硕士毕业论文挂了怎么办

Environmental components and predicted effects

The environmental component include influences on the biophysical environment and the influences on the socio-economic perspective. Cumulative aspects of the EA have been recognized in this section (Anifowose et al., 2014). For each section, the essential explanation caters to VECs indications, predicted influences, prediction tools, impact characteristics, Impacts nature, impacts significance and key mitigation along with strategies of monitoring being given.

Biophysical effects

These influences happen because of direct influence over the current landscape from material or waste and other influences (Bakhtyar et al., 2013). In the energy pipeline case, there are diverse influences ranging from air quality to natural flora and fauna influence.