Projects undertaken on a large level as the Energy East Line project has an impact on the environment. The effects of impact in such major projects might not just be understood as singular effects. They could cumulatively increase to have a greater impact on the environment than what is perceivable in initial project negotiations.
Cumulative effects of the energy east pipeline project and some of the important points to be included in the inquiry are presented below.
Biophysical: Biophysical effects are because of direct impact to existing landscape means of project material, waste, and other excesses. In the case of the energy pipeline project, some of the biophysical impacts expected are impact of emissions and project works on topography such as river crossings, the bed rock,3 and Karst topography (National Energy Board NEB, 2016a).
Geological interactions such as earthquakes, landslides, sever weather conditions and extreme precipitation can have an impact on the project and the project consequentially could delay having an impact on the people.