Democracy movements have left behind a trail of struggles, some of which are open struggles for the different ideals of democracy and some others are more subtle movements and struggles that keep governments from adopting anti-democratic stances. In Chinese history of the last century, two different democracy movements are observed which had an impact on its political undertakings. The democracy movements of 1978 and 1989, its participants, the objectives reached, the methods and outcomes had a strong impact on the country and its citizens. The beginning of the democracy movement of 1978 was initiated during a time when Mao Zedong was in ill health and later his death in 1976 propelled the movement. This was a time when most of his followers were thrust out into a situation where they had to take charge for their ideals. Even as the leader was severely ill, tens and thousands of demonstrators at that time gathered in Beijing Tiananmen Square in order to challenge the Communist party leadership at that time. They supported the China’s late premier Chou En-Lai. A political momentum was created. Even as they were dispersed in 1976, after Mao died, the Gang of four was purged. A new leadership under Deng led to more public attacks on the Gang of Four and protests started against Mao itself. A constitution that aimed to grant freedom of speech, freedom in correspondence, press actions, demonstration and more was at the core of them. Thus a new platform of democracy was formed at this time. As was claimed in media of that time, it was one that was born out of the action of the masses. Beijing intellectuals would gather to show their support around the democracy wall where they posted fresh information, or supportive information, maybe even poems and more to show their approval and to encourage others. This was an interesting act given that they were able to encourage people this way and also ensure the momentum was not lost. It is also interesting, as till date people do tend to search for some form of symbol or rallying with discipline in order to conduct protests. Now the purpose of this essay is twofold in that it does not only seek to understand the democracy movements of 1978 but also what happened in the aftermath in 1989 as democracy struggles continued. The democracy movement of 1989 had its origins in student activism. This was more of a student protest in which student activists wanted to take to the streets to commemorate the May 4th movement and the demonstration was to go on until Mikhail Gorbachev arrived in the country for his visit on 1989. Gorbachev was a democratizer and the students wanted to bring up their list of grievances under government scrutiny and notice at this time. One of the main concerns raised during this time as a grievance was how China’s democratization process was much different from what was happening in other countries. In other countries, the democratization process was seen to go hand in hand with market reform which increased the country’s productivity to a great deal. However, this form of market reform which was thriving in countries such as Eastern Europe was missing in China. The students in fact believed that they were going backwards and this was the reason behind the democracy movement. At this time, the death of Hu Yaobang was seized by the demonstrators as they called it a plan to mourn the dead by criticizing the living. The research essay argues that while the democracy movements of 1989 differ in their objectives of the democracy movements of 1978, both reflect the need for reform in democracy movements which made them more streamlined to the democratic ideals of the western nations.