peaking代写-表现主义的建筑风格

本文主要讲述的是表现主义的建筑风格,在魏玛1920年的时代,索姆菲尔德的房子是表现主义的一个很好的例子。因为这是格罗皮乌斯第一次将所有类型的艺术结合成一个建筑。在这次生产中,木材被选为建筑的主要材料,玻璃被用于窗户。从内部到外部,建筑被发现包含了许多从包豪斯原始概念发展而来的想法。在这个过程中,人们一起工作,用各种工艺创造项目,最终形成了建筑学。本篇peaking代写文章由美国论文通AssignmentPass辅导网整理,供大家参考阅读。

During Weimar’s time in 1920, The Sommerfeld House was a great example for the expressionism. Since this was the first time that Gropius combined all types of arts into one architecture2. For this production, wood was chosen as the main material of the architecture and the glasses were used for the windows. From inside to outside, the building was found to contain many ideas that were developed from the original concept of the Bauhaus. In this, there was observation of the people working together to create projects with all crafts that finally came into architecture2.
By carving the beams and stairs, Joost Schmidt incorporated sculptural elements into the house. He also used arts and crafts approach to design the decoration of the stairs. Marcel Breuer was responsible for the furniture of the house. This was used with wood and leather to create chairs. However, at a later stage, he changed the style into constructivism and achieved a great accomplishment in other projects. As one of the most influential teachers, Johannes Itten designed the form, direction and rhythm of the house. Martin Jahn designed angular lines and light wood engraving for showing expressionism11. Without the spirit of the Bauhaus, The Sommerfeld House could not achieve such a great success of combining different types of arts. However, the Bauhaus shifted a high change in design concepts a few years later.
In 1921, famous Dutch artist and member of “De Stiji” Theo van Doesburg were shocked by the concept of the Bauhaus during his visiting trip in Weimar. He gave a speech to the Bauhaus students about the idea of constructivism. There was strong critique to this newer modality of the expressionism as well as the craft-based spirits of the Bauhaus. According to him, constructivism was style based on idea of logic, order and function2. Constructivist believed that artist must work in factory to serve for the new society. These ideas implied that meant designers must focus more on the functionality of the project rather than mere appearance. The original idea of creating appearance-based art pieces needs to be abandoned and mass-production must replace the handicrafts8. The constructivism greatly influenced on the traditional concept taught in Bauhaus. It was the initial period that Gropius started to change the idea from unity work and handcrafts into an industrial and mechanical approach12.

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