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論文代寫推薦:空間規劃

論文代寫推薦:空間規劃

交付和塑造一個地方的過程被稱爲空間規劃。它涵蓋了公共部門用於影響不同尺度空間的人與活動分佈的各種方法。有效的空間和發展管理是在這個系統下進行的,目的是創造更好的地方,能夠有效地響應各種社會、經濟和環境的需要。通過有效地協調影響空間組織的做法和政策,可以更好地確定空間規劃制度。這些制度有助於公營和私營部門克服與森林管理規劃有關的挑戰。

這裏要討論的主題是“英國的空間規劃體系及其實踐與我們選擇的國家有何不同”。本文論述了英國空間規劃體系與中國空間規劃體系的區別。此外,本文還將討論以決策爲核心的倫敦和中國都市空間規劃案例,以及兩國決策結構的不同之處。

英國的空間規劃

英國規劃體系與中國規劃體系的主要特點

英國的空間規劃

從2010年5月開始,新一屆保守黨-自由民主黨聯合政府倡導地方主義。這反映出以前的規劃系統採用了自上而下和官僚主義的方法,其中也包括區域空間戰略。這種方法在住房供應方面沒有發揮有效的作用,爲了廢除廣域規劃,制定了一項政策,併爲形成一個更注重社區的規劃制度,於2011年11月頒佈了《地方主義法》。

2011年3月,中央政府發佈了《國家規劃政策框架》,爲英國的空間規劃原則奠定了基礎。NPFF的內容構成了鄰里規劃和地方規劃的基礎。這些計劃有助於鼓勵、建立一個有競爭力和強大的經濟,有助於確保城鎮中心的活力,農村經濟的繁榮必須得到支持。通過這些計劃,適當的交通也得到了促進,甚至高質量的通信基礎設施也得到了支持,這有助於提供各種高質量住宅的選擇(Klain, and Chan, 2012, p.110)。它還爲促進健康社區提供了框架,幫助保護綠化帶土地,這將有助於應對各種氣候變化挑戰,以及洪水和沿海地區的變化。這些計劃還有助於加強歷史和保護自然環境。它還強調可持續地利用礦物。

論文代寫推薦:空間規劃

A process of delivering and shaping a place is known as Spatial Planning. It covers the various methods used under public sector for influencing the people and activities distribution among spaces of various scales. Effective space and development management are conducted under this system with an aim of creating better places that can efficiently respond to the various societal, economical and environmental needs. The Spatial planning systems are better defined through the effective coordination of practices and policies with which the spatial organizations are affected. These systems help the public and private sectors in overcoming the challenges related to the forestry management planning.

Here the topic to be discussed is “How the spatial planning system and its practices in England differ from a country of our choice”. This essay is about the difference between the English Spatial planning system and the Spatial planning system of China. Further the case of Metropolitan Spatial planning in London and China with focus on decision making will be discussed and lastly the ways in which the decision making structures be different in the two countries.

Spatial planning in United Kingdom

The key features of the English planning system (England) in comparison with that of the China

Spatial planning in England

From May 2010, localism was advocated by the new Conservative-Liberal Democrats coalition government. This reflected that a top-down and bureaucratic approach was adopted by the former planning system that also included Regional Spatial Strategy. An effective role was not played by this approach in the housing provision and for abolishing wide-area plan a policy was set out and for forming a more community focused planning system, the Localism Act in November 2011 was enacted.

In March 2011 the National Planning Policy Framework was published by the central government that has laid the basis of the principles of spatial planning in England. The NPFF contents form the basis of establishment of Neighbourhood and Local plans. These plans help in encouraging, building a competitive and strong economy that helps in ensuring town centres vitality with which the prosperity of the rural economy must be supported. The suitable transportation is also promoted through these plans and even communication infrastructure of high quality is supported that helps in the delivery of the variety of choices of high quality homes (Klain, and Chan, 2012, p.110). It also provided framework for promotion of health communities that helps in the protection of Green belt land that will help in dealing with the various climatic change challenges and also the changes of flooding and coastal areas. The plans also work for enhancement of historic and conserving the natural environment. It emphasis was also on making sustainable use of minerals.

美国硕士毕业论文挂了怎么办

美国硕士毕业论文挂了怎么办

拟议的东能源管道项目属于NEB管辖范围,这是一个联邦监管机构。该机构对全省及省内的油气管道行使管辖权。在NEB管辖下建造、设计、运营、废弃或改造的管道必须符合NEC法案和国家能源委员会陆上管道管理法案(Erickson et al., 2014)。这里的一个强制性要求是坚持最新的CSA标准版的CSA Z662,包括石油和天然气管道系统纳入通过NEB OPR参考。此外,新建的管道长度超过40公斤米,需要对环境和社会经济状况进行评估。这是根据《国家环境评估法》和《2012年加拿大环境评估法》要求的。

国家环境局出版了一份档案手册,作为申请所需资料的指南。公司通常会在正式性质的应用之前先对项目进行描述(Hoberg, 2013)。项目的描述不是应用程序的形式,也不具有这样的绑定,而是提供了预期应用程序的初步数据。项目描述由TransCanada向NEB授权提交,描述中表示预计在2014年第三季度提交申请。形式性质的应用应概述工程设计、施工过程、管道安全和环境考虑(Morse, 2012)。然后,管理局评估《国家环境局法》的合规性申请、适用的标准和规章。当提议的项目获得批准时,国家环境局的权力将通过合规活动核查执行情况,例如合规会议、检查和紧急性质的活动、审计和调查,来监测运营和建设阶段的合规情况。

美国硕士毕业论文挂了怎么办

环境因素和预测的影响

环境因素包括对生物物理环境的影响和对社会经济前景的影响。EA的累积方面已经在本节中得到了确认(Anifowose et al., 2014)。每一节的基本解释都符合VECs指标、预测影响、预测工具、影响特征、影响性质、影响重要性和关键缓解,以及正在制定的监测战略。

生物物理效应

这些影响的发生是由于材料或废物等因素对当前景观的直接影响(Bakhtyar et al., 2013)。在能源管道的例子中,有多种影响,从空气质量到自然动植物的影响。

美国硕士毕业论文挂了怎么办

The proposed project for Energy East Pipeline falls within the NEB jurisdiction which is a federal agency of regulation. This agency exercises jurisdiction on oil and gas pipelines across the province and internally. Pipelines being constructed, designed, operated, abandoned or converted under the jurisdiction of NEB have to comply under the NEC Act and National Energy board onshore pipeline regulation act (Erickson et al., 2014). A mandatory requirement here is to adhere to the latest CSA standard edition of CSA Z662 including Oil and gas pipeline systems as being incorporated through NEB OPR reference. New construction of pipeline furthermore, greater than length of 40 kilo metre needs an assessment of environment and socio-economic condition. This is required under the act of NEB and needs assessments under the Act of Canadian Environmental assessment, 2012.

A filing manual is published by the NEB acting as a guide to the data needed within application. A company generally first files a description of project in advance to the application of formal nature (Hoberg, 2013). The description of the project is not in the form of application and does not bind as such instead it results in providing preliminary data on the application expected. The project description was filed by TransCanada with the authority of NEB and it was indicated within the description that it expects to subject the application within the 2014 year’s third quarter. The application of formal nature should outline the design of engineering, the construction process, the considerations for pipeline safety and environment (Morse, 2012). The authority then assesses the compliance application with the Act of NEB, its standards as applicable and its regulations. When proposed project approval is given, the authority of NEB then monitors compliance during the phase of operations and constructions through compliance activities verification performance such as meetings of compliance, inspections, and exercises of emergency nature, auditing and investigating.

美国硕士毕业论文挂了怎么办

Environmental components and predicted effects

The environmental component include influences on the biophysical environment and the influences on the socio-economic perspective. Cumulative aspects of the EA have been recognized in this section (Anifowose et al., 2014). For each section, the essential explanation caters to VECs indications, predicted influences, prediction tools, impact characteristics, Impacts nature, impacts significance and key mitigation along with strategies of monitoring being given.

Biophysical effects

These influences happen because of direct influence over the current landscape from material or waste and other influences (Bakhtyar et al., 2013). In the energy pipeline case, there are diverse influences ranging from air quality to natural flora and fauna influence.

代写被开除:市场扩张的影响因素

代写被开除:市场扩张的影响因素

地理的影响

JB Hi5在满足地域扩张需求的同时,又不影响现有店铺的业绩,注重采用成长型策略,在此基础上开设新的小型店铺。在区域地区和人口较少的购物中心设立了小型商店。未来,JB Hi5已经开始在新西兰扩展每一个业务,希望在市场上获得与澳大利亚类似的份额(Price, 2012)。他们取得增长的方法有助于在新西兰市场取得立足点。2006年下半年,该公司收购了Hill and Stewards,整个电子行业的零售交易表明,该公司获得了财务和地理上的多样性。

技术机构

技术的变化以许多不同的方式影响着商业组织。产品以技术为基础,不断开拓新产品市场。JB Hi5处理的是与最新技术产品相适应的产品结构的不断变化(Price, 2012)。此外,确保它们在面向消费者的新技术方面处于领先地位也变得至关重要。

代写被开除:市场扩张的影响因素

法律的影响

总的来说,音乐零售商一直在应对急剧增加的非法音乐下载带来的负面影响。这导致了cd销量的下降。JB Hi5并没有在打击非法下载问题上做出努力。取而代之的是产品组合的扩大,包括iPod和其他MP3支持的便携式播放器(Gettler, 2011a)。

政治的影响

JB Hi5的主要政治影响是由于陆克文政府的刺激计划。实施财政政策,为澳大利亚的大量纳税人口提供了900美元。该金额由政府提供。分发给顾客的材料中,很大一部分属于共同的人口因素。其中包括对JB Hi5产品感兴趣的人群,年龄在18 – 30岁之间,男性和女性(Gettler, 2011b)。大多数年轻顾客在新房子和个人娱乐上花费了900美元。这在经济衰退期间使本组织的收入稳定下来,从而为本组织提供了援助。

代写被开除:市场扩张的影响因素

In responding to the requirement of geographical expansion yet not impacting the performance of the current store, JB Hi5 focuses on the adoption of growth strategy within which new small format stores are being opened. There has been an installation of small stores in regional areas and shopping centres having small populations. Further ahead, JB Hi5 has started to expand each and every operation in New Zealand as there is hope of capturing a similar share in the market as to what is present in Australia (Price, 2012). Their approach of acquisitive growth has been helpful for gaining a foothold within the market of New Zealand. Buying out Hill and Stewards during the later year of 2006, retail trade across the electronics industry depicted that the company has obtained financial as well as geographical diversity.

Technological establishments

Change in technology has been affecting business organizations in a number of different ways. Products based on technology deal with the continuous creation of markets for new product. JB Hi5 deals with the constant change of product mix in alignment with the latest products of technology (Price, 2012). It further becomes crucial to ensure that they have leadership in new technologies for the consumer.

代写被开除:市场扩张的影响因素

Legal influences

In general, music retailers have been dealing with negative affect by the dramatically increasing illegal downloads of music. This has resulted to cannibalize the sales over CDs. JB Hi5 has not been putting in efforts for fighting the issue of illegal downloads. Instead, there has been an expansion of the product mix for the inclusion of iPod and other portable players supported by MP3 (Gettler, 2011a).

Political influences

The key political impact for JB Hi5 has been due to the stimulus package of Rudd Government. Exercising the fiscal policy resulted in a large taxpaying population of Australia being provided with 900 dollars. This amount was provided by the government. The handout had been provided to the customers, with large share falling within common demographic factors. The people included those who were interested in the products of JB Hi5, and fell within the age group of 18 to 30 years, females and males (Gettler, 2011b). Majority of the young customers have been spending 900 dollar on new home and personal entertainment. This has provided assistance to the organization by the smoothened revenue in the duration of downturn in economy.

多伦多大学代写:工资分配的平等

多伦多大学代写:工资分配的平等

在我看来,这是一个不健康的选择。公司要么采取措施说服工会,要么考虑他们的需求。否则,工资分配就必须平等。我觉得不鼓励工资低的高级管理人员,而鼓励工资高的新工人,是极不公平的。这将造成骚乱和劳资关系紧张。因此,公司可能会因为缺乏熟练工人而被迫遭受损失。

多伦多大学代写:工资分配的平等

读完这篇文章后,我首先想到的是管理决策过程。像福特这样的跨国公司应该通过有效和富有成效的决策来展示他们的专业知识。在这种情况下,它只表现出经济动机,而不关心劳动的福利(Keenan, 2016)。如果我要处理这个决策,我总是会考虑关于劳动均衡和商业均衡来理解时间的需要和建立两者之间联系的必要策略。此外,我还会任命一个战略家来管理商务沟通和劳动沟通,确保每个人之间的关系顺畅。令人沮丧的是,通知写得很清楚,工人们别无选择,只能签合同。

我认为我应该感谢该公司在谈判中表现出的明确态度。公司的未来规划得很好,这笔交易是一个清楚的例子,说明公司关心与员工的长期关系。然而,从业务的角度来看,还有很多不足之处。文章中强调的最近雇佣的员工的情况令人遗憾。由于其他工人对工资的骚动,他不得不躲藏起来。这在员工之间造成了很大的差异。我也理解这样的决定甚至会激起员工的歧视。

多伦多大学代写:工资分配的平等

From my perspective, I find this to be an unhealthy option. The company should either take the step to convince union and take their needs into consideration. Otherwise, there has to be equality in wage allocation. I find it extremely unfair to discourage the senior executives with low wages, but new workers with high salaries. This will create disturbances and labor tension. As a result, the company might be forced to suffer due to lack of skilled labor.

多伦多大学代写:工资分配的平等

After reading the article, the first thing that provoked me was the managerial decision making process. Multinational companies like Ford are expected to expose their expertise through effective and productive decision making. In this case, it only shows economic motive but does not concern the welfare of labor (Keenan, 2016). If I were to address this decision making, I would always consider regarding the labor equilibrium and business equilibrium to understand the need of the hour and necessary strategies to establish link between the two. Further, I would also appoint a strategist to manage the business communication and labor communication to ensure smooth relationship among everyone. It is discouraging to note that the announcement is made clearly and the labors have no option but to sign the contract.

The area where I feel that I should appreciate the firm on its negotiation is the clarity in its deal. The future of the firm is well projected and this deal is a clear example to understand that it cares for the long term relationship with its employees. However, there are lots of more shortcomings from the business perspective. The case of recently hired employee as highlighted in the article is pitiful. He has to hide himself due to the agitations among the other workers towards wages. This creates a lot of differences among the employees. I also understand that this kind of decision might even stir the employees towards discrimination.

代写论文的网站:网店对零售商店的影响

代写论文的网站:网店对零售商店的影响

从历史上看,零售被看作是通过零售商店的基础设施,将商品从制造业销售到客户端。在这个过程中,零售生命周期考虑了四个不同的阶段。任何零售企业都会经历这四个不同的阶段。这四个阶段分别是引种阶段、成长期、成熟期和衰退期(Cox et al., 2004)。

在这些阶段中,引种阶段即早期生长阶段,生长阶段即加速发展阶段,仍然可以认为是相同的。在当今时代,随着网上零售使用的增加,经过第二阶段,第三阶段的成熟期延长。零售机构的成熟期较长,零售机构的成熟期较长。基于他们的组织背景、产品经验、流程开发、市场营销和竞争,他们可能比通常的成熟阶段要长。因此,零售商店经历了一个重大的在线影响,而这不仅仅是从利润端。

代写论文的网站:网店对零售商店的影响

本研究的目的是从成本分析的角度来评价网络购物对零售商店的影响现象:以中国阳光商业为例

本研究的目的是

分析和识别中国网络商店影响发展的方式

了解零售商店不同于网上商店的成本分析方法和方法

以sunning为例进行案例研究,了解线上商店与传统线下商店的区别。

通过对网络店铺的成本分析,找出网络店铺在销售网点逐渐减少的情况下取得成功的原因。

深入研究现有研究对POS零售的影响。

提出成本分析背后的理论作为理解这种影响的有效方法,并证明这种影响的存在。

代写论文的网站:网店对零售商店的影响

Historically, retailing is viewed as the sales of goods from the manufacturing to the customer end by means of a retail shop infrastructure. In that, four different stages are considered in the retail lifecycle. Any retailing business will go through these four different stages. The four stages are that of the introduction stage, the growth stage, the maturity and decline (Cox et al., 2004).

Of these stages, the introduction which is the early growth stage and the growth which is the accelerated development stage can still be considered as being the same. In current times with the increased use of online retailing, after the second stage, the third stage of maturity is prolonged. Maturity for the retail institution is prolonged as the retail institution will go through a longer stage. Based on their organizational background, their product experiences, their process development, marketing and competition, they might have a longer than usual maturation stage. Retail shops hence go through a major online impact, and this is not just from the profit end.

代写论文的网站:网店对零售商店的影响

The aim of this research is to evaluation the phenomenon that online shop impact will have on retail store from cost analysis: a case study on sunning commerce in china

The objectives of this research are

To analyse and identify the ways that online shop impact has developed in China

To understand the ways and means that retail stores differ from online stores when it comes to cost analysis

To present a case study on sunning as example for understanding the differences of online store versus traditional offline stores.

To identify the reason why online shops achieve success while point of sale retail segment is gradually declining based on the cost analysis between these forms of stores.

To conduct a thorough literature study on how the existing studies present online retail impact on POS retail.

To present the theory behind cost analysis as an effective way to understand this impact and to prove that such an impact exists.