温室气体对人类的影响

大学申请文书:温室气体对人类的影响

人类/社会影响:该项目对人类的社会影响导致了一些问题,如人类健康和安全问题,绿地的丧失和对公共资源的广泛需求(国家能源局NEB, 2016a)。然而,这里也考虑到积极的影响,因为该项目将改善当地的经济机会。整体经济影响将扩散到当地社区。

累积影响:在更大的范围内,项目在环境影响和不利的人类社会影响方面的累积影响将继续增加。经济的改善可能不足以抵消这里可能产生的环境问题。就过去和现在的影响而言,项目的剩余影响将继续增加。

大学申请文书:温室气体对人类的影响

累积效应是指项目剩余效应可能与来自其他过去、现在和合理可预见的物理活动的剩余环境效应累积相互作用的时候。虽然与环境保护署和其他环境机构的磋商将有助于初步提案的形成,但随着时间的推移,一些不利影响无法得到切实的监测。跟进环境影响评估等监测工具。这里可能需要做的一些评估如下:

确保项目大气污染物排放和建筑设备温室气体排放符合EPA标准。

必须进行定量评估,从项目的不同活动清单中确定温室气体的影响(国家能源局NEB, 2016b)。

评估之后还必须提出明确的缓解措施。

必须清楚列明不同活动的空气跟踪和排放控制方案。

大学申请文书:温室气体对人类的影响

Human/Social effects: Human social effects because of the project leads to issues such as problem to human health and safety, the loss of green space and extensive demand on public resources (National Energy Board NEB, 2016a). However, there is also a positive impact considered here, as the project would improve the economic opportunities in the place. Overall economic impact would be spread out to local communities.

Cumulative effects: In a larger context, the cumulative effects of the project in terms of environmental impact and adverse human-social impact would continue to grow. The economic betterment might not be enough to offset the environmental issues that could be caused here. Project residual effects in terms of past impact and present would continue to grow.

大学申请文书:温室气体对人类的影响

Cumulative effects refer to when Project residual effects are likely to interact cumulatively with the residual environmental effects from other past, present, and reasonably foreseeable physical activities. Although consultation with EPA and other environmental agencies will help in the initial proposal formation, over time some adverse impacts cannot be monitored feasibly. Follow up monitoring tools such as EIA assessment is recommended here. Some assessments that might need to be done here are:

Ensuring that the project air contaminant emission and greenhouse gas emission from construction equipment are compliant with EPA standards.

A quantitative assessment must be done to identify greenhouse gas impact from a differentiated activity list of the project (National Energy Board NEB, 2016b).

Assessment must also be followed up with clearly presented mitigation measures.

The air tracking and emission control programs for different activities must be listed out clearly.