Human/Social effects: Human social effects because of the project leads to issues such as problem to human health and safety, the loss of green space and extensive demand on public resources (National Energy Board NEB, 2016a). However, there is also a positive impact considered here, as the project would improve the economic opportunities in the place. Overall economic impact would be spread out to local communities.
Cumulative effects: In a larger context, the cumulative effects of the project in terms of environmental impact and adverse human-social impact would continue to grow. The economic betterment might not be enough to offset the environmental issues that could be caused here. Project residual effects in terms of past impact and present would continue to grow.
Cumulative effects refer to when Project residual effects are likely to interact cumulatively with the residual environmental effects from other past, present, and reasonably foreseeable physical activities. Although consultation with EPA and other environmental agencies will help in the initial proposal formation, over time some adverse impacts cannot be monitored feasibly. Follow up monitoring tools such as EIA assessment is recommended here. Some assessments that might need to be done here are:
Ensuring that the project air contaminant emission and greenhouse gas emission from construction equipment are compliant with EPA standards.
A quantitative assessment must be done to identify greenhouse gas impact from a differentiated activity list of the project (National Energy Board NEB, 2016b).
Assessment must also be followed up with clearly presented mitigation measures.
The air tracking and emission control programs for different activities must be listed out clearly.