资本存量是生产的关键投入之一。资本货物的范围从一些有形资产如机器、道路和建筑物，到无形资产如探矿权和软件。与股本有关的措施提供了在特定时期内可用于生产利用的资本的快照，以及与经济潜在表现有关的前瞻性措施。近年来，各国固定资本存量在经济政策辩论和经济增长分析中占据了重要地位(Checherita-Westphal and Rother, 2012)。与一个国家的资本存量有关的措施一直是衡量这个国家的财富并了解诸如效率的提高、技术进步和生产力等支持增长的因素的基础。
The resilience of global economy to the external shock of economy, as a result of the global crisis in 2008 and 2009, was provided with a reflection for quickly recovering the rate of growth in GDP in the financial period. This was for the period of 2009 to 2010 and 2010 to 2011. However, the next bout of global shock in demand driven mainly by the crisis of Sovereign Debt across European nation and the slow growth of economy across USA has resulted in the negative implications for a number of economies (Gordon, 2014). These adverse implications pose significant challenge to the growth prospects of economies. The prospects of growth are highly dependent on the ability of tackling constraints of supply side across the domestic economy. However, with an increased linkage of economies, its prospects of growth cannot be considered while isolating the establishments in the global economy. Since recent time, the overall slowdown in GDP is attributed to many domestic and global factors such as uncertainty across the global economy, the exacerbated crisis of Euro Zone, the hardened prices of crude oil in the global marketing, the successively increasing rates of lending, and the moderated level of flows of Foreign Institutional Investment (Checherita-Westphal and Rother, 2012). This has led towards a sharp rate of depreciation in monetary value of the foreign exchange market.
Capital stock is among the key inputs within production. Capital goods have been ranging from a number of tangible assets like machinery, roads and buildings, to intangible assets like rights of exploration and software. Measures related to capital stock have been providing a snapshot of the available capital for the utilization of production at a specific period of time, along with forward approaching measure related to the potential performance of the economy. Since recent time, a significant place has been occupied by the fixed capital stocks of the nations in debates of economic policy and in analysing the growth of economy (Checherita-Westphal and Rother, 2012). Measures related to the stock of capital of a nation have been providing the fundamental base in order to measure the wealth of nation and to understand factors underpinning growth, like advancement in efficiency, technical progress and productivity.
The aim of this essay is to conduct an analysis of the relationship between industry breakdown and stocks. The industrial analysis will focus on the elements of gross fixed capital and inventories. The overall analysis will help in determining how these components have been driving changes in the value of GDP. Key points of conclusion will be drafted based on this analysis and discussion.