Religion in Communist China took a turn after the communist party’s triumph was proclaimed by the People’s Republic of China at the time of Civil war of China on 1st October in 1949 by Mao Zedong. A relatively hostile attitude was maintained by the People’s Republic of China towards religion and that was treated as symbol of feudalism and foreign colonialism. Temples, mosques and churches were included in the places or houses of worship and these were considered as non-religious buildings meant for secular use. The religious beliefs and practices in the People’s Republic were discouraged as they were regarded as superstitious and backward by the government in is initial years. Communist leaders like Mao Zedong and Vladimir Lenin had critical views about the religious institutions. Religion was condemned and loot was done in thousands of religious buildings and was also destroyed at the time of Cultural Revolution. The adverse attitude towards religion of the People Republic lasted during late 1970’s which was also the end of Cultural Revolution. The freedom of religion was guaranteed by the Constitution of the People Republic of China in 1978 but had number of restrictions attached to it. The communist party of China reacted harshly against groups such as of Falun Gong as this group was perceived by the communist party as the one which is challenging the authority of the communist party. On the other hand the communist party ignored the groups which are not seen as threat to its authority or challenging the state. The Buddhist temples were rebuilt through a massive program started in the mid of 1990’s which were destroyed during the Cultural Revolution.