The men try to wear masks and control their natural urges and emotions. The two men who killed Santiago wanted to prove their manhood to the world and to claim back the lost respect in the society. There is ego, and pride is instilled in their acts. To show that they are the real men in the society and to save the honour of their family, they kill an innocent man who is not aware of these developments. In the views of the narrator, Santiago was not aware as to why he is targeted. Everyone in the town except Santiago is aware of this development. The young man is ignorant of these issues and comes to know of this development only minutes before his untimely death. He is found to react as a person who is genuinely confused and bewildered.
This is an act of an innocent person facing actions of violence. Santiago is innocent and is not aware of the repercussion of his actions. This shows that the people are impacted by the rigid rules that have been set forth by the morality. This also brings into contention the issues that are felt by the people in a society with rigid rules. These rules tend to favour certain people in the society and it overlooks certain aspects. These create a paradigm where the people are forced to live a life of rules that does not make sense. The rules of honour seem to change along with ideology prevailing in the region. It also showcases the different ways in which the people are impacted by the change. From the analysis of the events it is evident that the people forget about empathy and morality in an effort to save their so-called respect. These rules are found to favour a few people and essentially cause the entire society to be impacted. These rigid rules are not understood and the victims of the society are the innocent people. These were the main deductions that have been made from this analysis.
Santiago was killed for no real reason. The justification provided for his murder was to sleep with Angela before marriage. The societal values are reflected in this book. It also shows that the victims of these rigid rules could essentially be anyone in the society. Angela feels remorse; her twin brothers feel anger and the need to avenge her dishonour. However, these are all self-inflicted issues that have stemmed from the ways in which they were brought up in society. The justification of these killing is also appalling. Santiago is not even aware of the plot to kill him. He has not hurt anyone; nevertheless, the entire society deemed his actions as malignant. These are done to assuage the powerful and to meet the requirements of a patriarchal society. This essentially proves that moral policing is done to serve the rich and powerful in the society.