The projects on carbon reduction are associated with the waste reduction and energy efficiency which typically ensures that the ethical principles and standards have been maintained while implementing these projects. Since the carbon reduction projects of the above airlines are in compliance with the efficient use of natural resources, and managing waste and striving to eliminate or minimizing air pollution, this proves that the projects are in line with the ethical standards (Tourism Industry Association of Canada, 2017). In order to reduce carbon emission, it is important for the airline companies to support the tourists in appreciating the nature and building a better world by maintaining ethical standards and practicing sustainable tourism.
With the advent of globalization and international integration, tourism and tourism movement have been expanding. This over-expansion has been caused due to the socioeconomic and technical development but what this mass tourism is causing is devastating for the environment. It can be said that the demand for air travel has been growing abysmally, however, the airline sector cannot be considered to be sustainable in any possible way. This is because aircraft themselves consumes natural resources and could meet the principles of sustainable development (Gössling, 2012).
With people desiring for quick solutions to travel from one place to another in less possible time, airlines have been alarmingly expanding their services and creating environmental degradation. The aircraft engines are believed to emit noise, harmful gases and particulates that are responsible for causing climate changes and global warming. It is the carbon dioxide emission that forms the most significant element of the aviation’s contribution to the environmental damage. In spite of the emission reductions technologies like turbofan and turboprop engines, airframes, aerodynamics and flight operations, there is no decrease or reduction in the CO2 emissions mainly due to the upsurge in the air travel demand over the years.