Media control and regulation aspects of two different countries are presents here. The purpose of this essay is to understand media control and regulation in two different countries, based on some history aspects of regulation and some of the current regulation and control issues in the country. The two countries selected for understanding media control and regulations are Japan and Hong Kong, which is a special administrative region under China. The media regulatory authority in the country is the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communication. They restrict for core broadcasters and generally have no restriction in the case of general broadcasters. A government license is mandatory for media such as television, radio broadcasting etc. Other media such as online content, newspapers, print publications and more will not need a government license. In the case of Hong Kong, the media regulatory authority is the Broadcasting authority and it also includes the Television and Entertainment licensing authority, the Communication and Technology Bureau and the Commerce Bureau. This essay compares media control and regulation aspects and issues for Japan and Hong Kong.