2011年3月，中央政府發佈了《國家規劃政策框架》，爲英國的空間規劃原則奠定了基礎。NPFF的內容構成了鄰里規劃和地方規劃的基礎。這些計劃有助於鼓勵、建立一個有競爭力和強大的經濟，有助於確保城鎮中心的活力，農村經濟的繁榮必須得到支持。通過這些計劃，適當的交通也得到了促進，甚至高質量的通信基礎設施也得到了支持，這有助於提供各種高質量住宅的選擇(Klain, and Chan, 2012, p.110)。它還爲促進健康社區提供了框架，幫助保護綠化帶土地，這將有助於應對各種氣候變化挑戰，以及洪水和沿海地區的變化。這些計劃還有助於加強歷史和保護自然環境。它還強調可持續地利用礦物。
A process of delivering and shaping a place is known as Spatial Planning. It covers the various methods used under public sector for influencing the people and activities distribution among spaces of various scales. Effective space and development management are conducted under this system with an aim of creating better places that can efficiently respond to the various societal, economical and environmental needs. The Spatial planning systems are better defined through the effective coordination of practices and policies with which the spatial organizations are affected. These systems help the public and private sectors in overcoming the challenges related to the forestry management planning.
Here the topic to be discussed is “How the spatial planning system and its practices in England differ from a country of our choice”. This essay is about the difference between the English Spatial planning system and the Spatial planning system of China. Further the case of Metropolitan Spatial planning in London and China with focus on decision making will be discussed and lastly the ways in which the decision making structures be different in the two countries.
Spatial planning in United Kingdom
The key features of the English planning system (England) in comparison with that of the China
Spatial planning in England
From May 2010, localism was advocated by the new Conservative-Liberal Democrats coalition government. This reflected that a top-down and bureaucratic approach was adopted by the former planning system that also included Regional Spatial Strategy. An effective role was not played by this approach in the housing provision and for abolishing wide-area plan a policy was set out and for forming a more community focused planning system, the Localism Act in November 2011 was enacted.
In March 2011 the National Planning Policy Framework was published by the central government that has laid the basis of the principles of spatial planning in England. The NPFF contents form the basis of establishment of Neighbourhood and Local plans. These plans help in encouraging, building a competitive and strong economy that helps in ensuring town centres vitality with which the prosperity of the rural economy must be supported. The suitable transportation is also promoted through these plans and even communication infrastructure of high quality is supported that helps in the delivery of the variety of choices of high quality homes (Klain, and Chan, 2012, p.110). It also provided framework for promotion of health communities that helps in the protection of Green belt land that will help in dealing with the various climatic change challenges and also the changes of flooding and coastal areas. The plans also work for enhancement of historic and conserving the natural environment. It emphasis was also on making sustainable use of minerals.