Under the Spent Convictions scheme of the Commonwealth, it is allowable not to disclose some material convictions. Unauthorized use or distributions of convictions might be allowed for some small convictions. Less serious ones or even convictions incurred in foreign states. The conviction scheme is provided under the part VIIC of Crimes Act 1914. The scheme is specifically applicable for the spent convictions. It is also applicable where individual in question has been given some form of a pardon. In some cases, the conviction itself could have been squashed. Now an important point to be noticed in applying this to the current case is that it does not apply for the more serious convictions.
A conviction of more than 30 months for instance becomes a serious conviction. In the given case scenarios, Mr. James has spent a maximum of 60 months in prison, which is a serious conviction. Under the scheme, Mr. James has not received a pardon. Hence he is held as being guilty of the offense. The conviction furthermore must be considered as being spent. Only then the spent element applies to the case. In the case study, the individual was imprisoned for more than 30 months. He was not granted a pardon, and was not wrongly convicted as he had served his full sentencing.
A waiting period of two years is usually applicable in the case of a juvenile offender. Mr. James who was a chief engineer could not have been a juvenile offender either here. Therefore, based on all these factors, it could be said that the scheme would not be applicable for Mr. James. Benning should have disclosed the details at the time of signing the insurance agreement. It would be possible for Lloyds Underwriters to not support the insurance claim and provide coverage. An important thing to consider here is that Benning’s was not aware of Mr. James’s previous conviction, which could have some effect on the case.



There is discussion of the ways in which the food tasted during the visit. The tabulations are initially mentioned and discussion of the food and wine has been detailed in the following.The wine that was tasted during the restaurant visit was French wine and it tasted exquisite. The trip to the restaurant was with a group of friends and it was a party of four people. The general consensus about the food was that the beef and guinness pie was adequate. The dish that was deemed best was the wood-fire grilled corn that was creamed with chipotle chilli butter. There was an intense wood-fire flavour and the sweetness was evident in each corn kernel. This was perfectly complemented with the unctuously rich, creamy cheesy. The taste was further accentuated by the smoky flavour of the chipotle. The grilled mixed mushrooms were also deemed to be the favourite in the group.
We got wine from 2013, the “Albert Mann, Crémant d’Alsace from France” for the table. In general, it was felt that the wine list was a little higher on the price range. Given the restaurant taste offering, it was alluded that the price was worth the taste. There was an overall value for the money that was paid. The sentiment was felt satisfaction. The reason for the restaurant to gain prominence in the community was understood in a great detail from this exercise.
The most important factor of a service restaurant is ensuring that the people’s requirements are met. People can essentially find food anywhere. The price differentiation rests in the ways in which the service is rendered to the people (Walker, 2016 ). They need to be perfect. In this restaurant, the service staffs were attentive and the overall ambience of the place was in line with the themes.
The service is not only delivering of the order that the consumer requests. It is more about serving the intangible services and creating an emotional connection with the people. There are many nuanced implications that are based on how the services are rendered by the company. The companies need to comprehend these basic factors in order to survive. The restaurant has taken these service aspects seriously. All the people in the restaurant were found to be enjoying the services that were rendered. More than the food, the people were enamoured with the service that was rendered to the people. The plausible recommendations for the restaurant have been detailed in the following section.




During Weimar’s time in 1920, The Sommerfeld House was a great example for the expressionism. Since this was the first time that Gropius combined all types of arts into one architecture2. For this production, wood was chosen as the main material of the architecture and the glasses were used for the windows. From inside to outside, the building was found to contain many ideas that were developed from the original concept of the Bauhaus. In this, there was observation of the people working together to create projects with all crafts that finally came into architecture2.
By carving the beams and stairs, Joost Schmidt incorporated sculptural elements into the house. He also used arts and crafts approach to design the decoration of the stairs. Marcel Breuer was responsible for the furniture of the house. This was used with wood and leather to create chairs. However, at a later stage, he changed the style into constructivism and achieved a great accomplishment in other projects. As one of the most influential teachers, Johannes Itten designed the form, direction and rhythm of the house. Martin Jahn designed angular lines and light wood engraving for showing expressionism11. Without the spirit of the Bauhaus, The Sommerfeld House could not achieve such a great success of combining different types of arts. However, the Bauhaus shifted a high change in design concepts a few years later.
In 1921, famous Dutch artist and member of “De Stiji” Theo van Doesburg were shocked by the concept of the Bauhaus during his visiting trip in Weimar. He gave a speech to the Bauhaus students about the idea of constructivism. There was strong critique to this newer modality of the expressionism as well as the craft-based spirits of the Bauhaus. According to him, constructivism was style based on idea of logic, order and function2. Constructivist believed that artist must work in factory to serve for the new society. These ideas implied that meant designers must focus more on the functionality of the project rather than mere appearance. The original idea of creating appearance-based art pieces needs to be abandoned and mass-production must replace the handicrafts8. The constructivism greatly influenced on the traditional concept taught in Bauhaus. It was the initial period that Gropius started to change the idea from unity work and handcrafts into an industrial and mechanical approach12.




Competitors are getting more similar and identical in their demand for service quality and offerings, which makes it difficult for the brand to sustain its loyalty with customers. In such markets, the customers have less reason to consider options as the few options are similar in their service. This makes Vodafone more prone to stagnation in terms of market share and will stabilise its revenue without much significant movement in profit generation.
Competitors are gearing up for providing better services at all times and it is here when the brand equity and the global image of Vodafone will come into play. When customers have less reason to differentiate it is the best chance for Vodafone to display and capitalise on its global image and the work they do worldwide to enforce a more distinct brand image in the New Zealand market. This can help it to retain its loyal customers and also acquire new ones gradually.
Technology adoption is faster in urban New Zealand and it makes a case in point where Vodafone has much to gain from the spread of and infusion of technology based products and services in rural regions of the country. The service quality of voice over data calls is improving along with the improvement of the smartphone market. The service provision is better enhanced and polished with the addition of new technology in each year and this has helped the market to sustain its charm. Otherwise, a market with stagnant products will have no takers for a while and they will be forced to disrupt it with a new invention. Thus, extreme measures of differentiation along with offering excellent services or opting for disrupting the market can be seen as a possible adoptive strategy by most competitors.
Regulations are more stable for the New Zealand market as it gears up for expanding the connectivity of all rural households through a special national RBI program. This support system by the government is conducive to the growth of the industry and the players’ competitiveness quotient. The perceived regulatory changes may come in when there is a consolidation phase and large players tend to come together to dominate the market through mergers and acquisition leading to monopoly formation. The market is different to Europe where the Competition Commission restricts any firm to garner a market share of more than 25%; it is termed as anti-competitive and hurting the sustenance of a healthy competition. New Zealand has smooth law functions and the enforcement is good which makes the market more adaptive to change.




If the intent of the journalist or the photographer was to show the devastation caused by cyclone Debbie, the photo must be such that it shows more devastation in one picture, to the highest extent possible. When one needs to show a proof of the damage by natural disasters, one is tempted to know the most severe kind of damage inflicted. This one picture does not show the entire story of the cyclone’s impact. The damage shown is of the natural disaster, of material destruction such as property. Instead, something of more real in sense and true information such as human inflicted damage, if possible, should have been shown.
The photo is nevertheless displaying its internal intent, that is, the rise of natural disasters due to the influence of human actions. The damage shown in the photo raises the case of environment protection (Burke, Law and Palin, 2017), which comes to the mind right after analysing the photo. The availability of a kayak in the most uncertain of periods and events is also a question that the photo raises. Was it really needed or was it better to have been avoided and instead be replaced by a more informative photo? This question makes the guesses rise and become solid.
As per geographical reports, Australia witnesses about 11 cyclones a year, but this year’s Debbie cyclone has been devastating and surpassing the extent of damage of the past years. The reasons are attributed to warm ocean climate and moisture in the air (Ritchie-Tyo, 2017). These are nothing but results of excessive human irregularities that pay no attention to the impacts of each action. Humans influence many of the climate change incidences, which when increased takes a shape of a natural disaster propeller. The photo reminds immediately of the havoc that all humanity is creating for itself, but all efforts goes into ignorance.
Ethical considerations of the photo also become clearer when the ethics of human actions, ethics of shared living and shared prosperity comes into discussions. The damage caused by the cyclone is nothing but the result of an unethical act done either intentionally or ignorantly. The cyclone requires mangroves and forests to sustain its coming, which are seriously getting destroyed and replaced by rapid urbanisation. Thus, the photo also asks a question whether humanity has gone overboard and usurped and encroached upon the land meant for its own existence without disturbance.