Infant mortality rate is calculated based on the number of deaths that occur per thousand live births when the infant is a year or less than a year old (Mundi, 2016). The health of nations is also assessed by the infant mortality rates (Marmot, 2005). According to the United Nations, the infant mortality rate is around 49.4 and the rates according to United Nations are around 42.09 as reported in the CIA World Factbook. A high infant mortality rate in countries is what makes them seek action when it comes to reducing these rates and protecting the infants. The infant mortality ranking for Australia as compared to other countries is presented below.
The infant mortality rate of Australia per 1000 births is ranked as 196. The lower the ranking, the better for a country, as it shows reduced infant mortality rate. It is observed from statistics that there could be approximately four deaths per thousand births in Australia. This is much better as compared to the nations like India where around 39 deaths per 1000 births and the infant mortality rate is around 52. Countries like Mali are higher up in rank, as they have a rank of 3. This means there are almost 98 deaths in the case of a 1000 births. Now some countries do better than Australia when it comes to ranking, such as Germany. As an example, consider their rank which is 214, and they have around three deaths per 1000 births. The lower the rank, the more chances of survival for the infant. In the case of Finland, there are baby care programs. The use of these baby care programs greatly reduces the number of deaths as the number of deaths comes down to 217, less than 3 deaths per 1000 births are hence observed here.
Given this context, it is necessary for the Australian government to work on reducing infant mortality rate as well. The way to do this is to ensure that the government directly intervenes into childcare. Furthermore, the dire necessity to improve infant mortality rates has been observed in some socio-economic ways, too. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children from the age group of 0–4 years are seen to have an infant mortality rate which is 1.9 times than the non-Indigenous rate. In the time period of 2008-2012, it was noticed that there was a high mortality rate at around 6.2 children or more dying for every 1000 births. This was approximately around 1.7 times that of the mortality of the non-indigenous population. Therefore, it is stated that poverty and other socioeconomic drivers also contribute to the care that parents will be able to provide for their children. In this context, amending existing policy to include the baby care packages that the Finnish baby cardboard box program assures would aid in improving infant health care.